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How to grow Bucephalandra
November 08, 2021 5 min read
Are Bucephalandra hard to grow?
Bucephalandra are endemic to Indonesia and are found on the island of Borneo. They are slow-growing, hardy and are especially well suited to grow attached to hardscape (rock / wood), as in the picture above and below. They can also be grown on the substrate as long as the rhizome is not buried. Due to their flexible light demands, they can be grown in shaded portions of the tank, or in full lighting.
Buceps belong to a genus of flowering rheophyte that grows with a creeping rhizome; they come in a large variety of leaf shapes and colors. A distinctive feature of all Bucephalandra are bright spots on the leaves. Many are iridescent, reflecting brilliant colors when viewed at particular angles.
Bucephalandra species face less stress/melting issues with cooler water , even though growing them in discus temps is still possible (above 80f/27c). For those living in the tropical belt, having chillers or at least fans is beneficial. They do better in tanks with good flow.
So, why is my Bucephalandra melting?
Uncycled planted tanks with high levels of ammonia or organic waste leads to melting ; this is common among beginners who do not cycle their tanks fully before planting.
Melting Buceps is not a "normal" situation. Bucephalandra species do better in stable tanks with matured biological systems. Especially when facing transport stress or stress from being moved between tanks of different parameters, having cool, clean water, and supplementary CO2 is important to prevent melting. Bucephalandra are hardy plants that can survive in planted tanks without CO2 injection or much fertilization. However, to grow them to their best, they do better with good flow and CO2. Having good growth parameters also make them much more resistant to algae. Depending on species, their growth rates can be a bit different. Slower species can produce as few as 1 leaf every 3 weeks, while faster growing species can produce 2 leaves per week in good conditions.
How to grow Bucephalandra in an aquarium?
Key success factors
- Slightly cooler water (71f/21c-79f/26c).
- Clean, well filtered water with good flow.
- Stable, biologically matured tank environment.
- Some hardness (GH/KH) is helpful. (5dGH and above). We use APT SKY for all tanks with Bucephalandra.
- Adequate CO2/Fertilization brings out coloration, speeds up growth.
To learn more about GH, click here .
To understand why long term stability is important for Bucephalandra read this post on preventing holes and deterioration of older leaves here .
Light & Algae Control
Is Bucephalandra a low light plant?
Bucephalandra grows well under lower levels of lighting. Indeed growing them under CO2/nutrient rich waters but with subdued lighting <50umols of PAR makes for easy management.
As they grow very slowly, they are very vulnerable to algae. You can grow them in high lighting (100+umols ) but you need to keep your planted aquarium very clean and your Buceps must be healthy to remain algae free. This means being consistent about water changes, clearing organic debris and being on point on pruning. The algae section details how to maintain an algae free tank.
In tanks that have overly turbulent CO2 misting and violent flow, Bucephalandra in the path of flow become more vulnerable to black brush algae (BBA). This is one instance where too much flow can be counter-productive. Find ways to re-direct the flow or get more gentle distribution of flow if you find that Bucephalandra in path of flow are the ones that consistently get BBA. If you have consistent algae issues with Bucephalandra, it most likely stems from having high organic waste levels in the tank (having high fish load, but an immatured bio-filter for example) or that the plants are not getting the parameters they require (lack of flow, key nutrients are common reasons). If the patch of Bucephalandra is infested with algae, you can spot treat the area by spot dosing APT Fix directly onto the algae spot using a dropper.
Bringing out Colors
Firstly, not all Bucephalandra are strongly colored. Most are green-based. Many species that develop colored submerged leaves have greenish emersed leaves, so using a knowledgeable dealer is important. For many species, the new leaves may have strong coloration, but as the leaves age they fade to greenish tones. Hence to get color, it is more effective to grow them in clumps where there are a few new leaves present at anyone time. This also means that having faster growth rates; providing good growth conditions is important (CO2 & flow being paramount). Many Bucephalandra are iridescent; meaning that they are good at reflecting certain colors; especially when viewed at a certain camera angle. Using colored T5 tubes or mix RGBs with with LEDs allow more colors to be reflected - use your individual judgment as to how much colored lighting is used; too much looks artificial. Generally speaking, flat white T5 tubes & plain white LEDs seldom have a wholesome light spectrum profile (all almost universally lack adequate red spectrum), and do not display colored plants to their best.
Which are the most colorful Bucephalandra species?
- Brownie ghost 2011/2012 - develops red new leaves that turn purple over time
- Brownie blue - red new leaves that turn purplish metallic
- Silver powder
Color change after planting
Most Buceps are sold- and bought in emersed form, and most emersed Buceps have green leaves even when their submerged forms have far more color. In this picture, we show a batch of recently submerged Bucephalandra - the emersed leaves are green in color (red arrows) and new sprouts of submerged form leaves are darker and more colorful (blue arrows). Depending on the tank parameters, the newly submerged plants may sacrifice some of the older emersed growth, while the younger emersed grown leaves fully convert to submerged growth forms. This conversion process can be stressful for the plant - if tank conditions are poor, this can lead to wide-spread melting and excessive loss of existing leaves.
How do you plant Bucephalandra in aquariums?
If your Bucephalandra supply comes from Indonesian farms, they often come in large mats or clumps. Bucephalandra grows much better, similar to all other plants, when they have adequate free space - separating clumps into individual plants will allow for much faster, healthier propagation as each plant has better access to water flow and light.
Separating clumps also allows one to clear off dead/old leaves and rhizomes, making space for new growth. Clearing off debris and old growth is important in keeping Bucephalandra clean and algae free - which is one of the top priorities in growing Bucephalandra well over the long term. When picking apart the clump, make sure that individual rhizomes are not too short; portions longer than 1.5 inches work well (shorter for very small species). Often bare rhizomes will sprout new leaves as well if they are healthy and growth conditions are good - just stick them to rock/wood surfaces. In the picture below, Horticulturist Sera Brown carefully picks apart individual Bucephalandra pieces.
Bucephalandra varietals- Allan Lau
Many of the Bucephalandra species in the trade have not been assigned formal scientific names. The circle of more reputable dealers have a high accuracy with their trade names though. These trade names are created based on the names of regions or rivers where they were collected (e.g. Lamandau [central kalimantan], Sintang [west kalimantan]). The names are also created according to the coloration and shape of the leaves (e.g. Dark wave, Super blue, Brownie purple). These are sample pictures of various Bucephalandra species available in the aquarium trade from my local Bucephalandra dealer Lau Allan; who we get most of our Buceps from. His photos are taken from tanks with only plain white bulbs.
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Bucephalandra brownie ghost 2011 Vitro Culture
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Bucephalandra Brownie Ghost 2011 Vitro Culture is a rare and visually stunning aquatic plant that is sure to take your aquarium or aquascape to the next level. With its distinctive dark blue, lilac color and ghostly appearance, this plant is a standout addition to any aquatic environment.
Our Bucephalandra Brownie Ghost 2011 Vitro Culture is grown in a sterile laboratory setting, ensuring that it is free of any pests or diseases that could harm your aquarium. Its convenient vitro culture form makes it easy to plant and care for in your aquarium.
Not only is this plant visually striking, but it is also easy to care for. With its slow growth rate and low light requirements, it is an excellent choice for both beginner and experienced aquarists alike. Plus, it is a hardy plant that can adapt well to various water conditions.
With its unique appearance and easy care, Bucephalandra Brownie Ghost 2011 Vitro Culture is a must-have for any serious aquarium enthusiast. Order yours today and experience the rare and exotic beauty of this stunning aquatic plant!
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- Package size: approx. 4 inches (yield 2-3 plants)
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The plants came in excellent shape and there were a bunch of plants in a single order. The price is unmatched as I cant find these for anything less than $20+ per single plant. All my plants came in super healthy and leaves were perfect! Cant wait to order more!
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Brownie Ghost 2011
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The Bucephalandra Brownie Ghost 2011 is the quintessential species for fans of very rare plants, it has been the most sought after Bucephalandra in the hobby since it was discovered by P. Boyce in a specific location where it was not found again later.
What makes this species of plant especially so sought after is its intense purple and lilac coloration once it develops new leaves under water, it could be said that it is the original Bucephalandra with the most spectacular coloration of all known so far. .
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Good quality and size for the price. Recommended.
A must have for Bucep collectors! Plant arrived healthy, with no algae.
Nice color and quite a long rhizome!
I had purchased plants multiple times from capricorn. Fast response and fast delivery. I am very happy with all my plants purchased from them. Highly recommended!
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Bucephalandra Ghost 2011
Bucephalandra Ghost 2011, as with all Buce, is a hardy, slow growing plant that is easy to propagate and maintain. To propagate, cut the rhizome and attach to driftwood or rocks. Do not bury rhizome in substrate. Does well with low light. Sizes and colors may vary, portion sizes average 5+ leaves.
Light: Low to Medium
Co2: Not Necessary but beneficial
Propagation: Cut rhizome
Growth Rate: Slow
*Picture shown is for reference only. Sizes and colors vary
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Bucephalandra "Brownie Ghost"
39,95 € 28,95 € VAT included
Buy Bucephalandra "Brownie Ghost" In-vitro aquarium plant.
La Bucephalandra Brownie Ghost 2011 It is the species par excellence for fans of very rare plants , has been the Bucephalandra most sought after in the hobby since it was discovered by P. Boyce in a specific location where it was never found again, since then it has been a plant that has been shared among aquarists who keep it. they cultivated and reproduced themselves and rarely they sold in small cuttings at very high prices.
What makes this plant species especially so sought after is its intense purple and lilac coloring once it develops new leaves under water, it could be said that it is the Bucephalandra original with the most spectacular coloring of all those that are known up to now.
This time the brand of aquatic plants Aquaflora presents it for the first time exclusively as a limited novelty in in vitro format.
Bucephalandra profile "brownie ghost".
• Difficulty: Easy • Family: Araceae • Gender: Bucephalandra • Origin: Borneo • Lighting: Low - Medium • Temperature: 20nd - 28th • Increase: Slow • PH: 5.0 – 8.0 • Hardness: Almost anyone • Co2: Optional
Bucephalandra Brownie Ghost Characteristics
Our bucephalandras are plants epiphytes endemic to the island of Borneo. They are rare aquatic plants with a unique appearance. In general, bucephalandras sound slow growth and they are available in many types and colors different. A aquarium plant very tolerant that grows well with a wide range of water parameters. Put your Bucephalandra Brownie Ghost Aquaflora in your Aquarium!
Bucephalandra She is relatively new to the hobby but is becoming increasingly popular. So it is still a little difficult to find some species. Due to their low requirements , they are a good choice for any planted aquarium or shrimp .
It can be kept both emerged and submerged, making it an excellent choice for aquariums, paludarios and terrariums alike.
Bucephalandras develop best on hard surfaces, attached to different types of wood or rock. It is not used to being planted in fine media such as sand.
To ensure good coloration , average lighting is recommended and add nutrients to the water column can be beneficial. Small amounts of CO2 and fertilizers can help the plant show attractive colors.
4 valuations bucephalandra "brownie ghost".
Aitor Perez Gomez (Verified owner) - 16/12/2021
It is still too early to say the color of this plant, but the quality of the order as in the photo, quite a lot and very, very healthy! It only took the order a week to arrive but I guess it was the holidays .. spectacular as always
Angel Jose Cerdá (Verified owner) - 14/04/2021
Spectacular colorful, fast shipping, all great
Johnny (Verified owner) - 16/12/2020
Great quality, huge plant. One of the rarest for the collection
Miquel - 04/12/2020
I couldn't find it until I got here. Spectacular coloring for the aquarium.
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Idaho police search for white Hyundai Elantra in Moscow college murder case
The white 2011-2013 hyundai elantra has an unknown license plate, police said.
Police remove personal items from Idaho murder crime scene
Fox News’ Alexis McAdams reports on Moscow, Idaho, police removing personal belongings of the four University of Idaho students from the crime scene while families grapple with a lack of answers nearly one month after the murders.
The Moscow (Idaho) Police Department said Wednesday that detectives want to speak with occupants of a white 2011-2013 Hyundai Elantra that was near the off-campus home where four college students were brutally murdered on Nov. 13.
"Tips and leads have led investigators to look for additional information about a vehicle being in the immediate area of the King Street residence during the early morning hours of November 13th," police said in a news release.
"Investigators believe the occupant(s) of this vehicle may have critical information to share regarding this case."
Stock photo of a white 2011-2013 Hyundai Elantra, which police are seeking in the investigation of four college students' murders last month in Idaho. (Moscow Police Department)
Police said the sedan was in the "immediate area" of the residence where four University of Idaho students were murdered. (Moscow Police Department)
The car's license plate is unknown, but police encouraged anyone who knows of a vehicle matching the description to forward information to their tip line.
A spokesperson for Customs and Border Protection told Fox News Digital that ports of entry in the northwest are aware of law enforcement's search for the Hyundai Elantra and will be monitoring traffic for it.
UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO MURDERS TIMELINE: WHAT WE KNOW
The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) declined to comment on this specific case, but did say that they "work closely with Canadian and U.S. law enforcement partners to ensure the safety and security of our shared border."
"This includes cooperating on activities such as identifying wanted persons," a CBSA spokesperson told Fox News Digital.
Ethan Chapin, Kayle Goncalves, Maddison Mogen and Xana Kernodle, who were stabbed to death Nov. 13. (Fox News)
Authorities have received 2,645 emailed tips, 2,770 phone tips and 1,084 digital media submissions during the investigation thus far, but still have not identified a suspect or located a murder weapon .
Xana Kernodle, 20; Ethan Chapin, 20; Madison Mogen, 21; and Kaylee Goncalves, 21, were stabbed to death at the off-campus residence in the early morning hours of Nov. 13.
An aerial map released by the Moscow City Police Department on Nov. 18 shows the final movements of Ethan Chapin, Madison Mogen, Xana Kernodle and Kaylee Goncalves before they were killed in their home on Nov. 13. (Moscow City Police Department)
Moscow Police Department Chief James Fry and other law enforcement officers were at the home on Wednesday packing up some of the personal belongings of the victims.
"It's time for us to get those things back that really mean something to those families and hopefully help with some of their healing," he said.
IDAHO MURDERS: 25% TO 40% OF STUDENTS CHOSE NOT TO RETURN TO CAMPUS
Five vehicles that were previously parked outside of the home were removed last week and taken to a city-owned lot for further evidence gathering.
Front view of the off-campus house where four Idaho students were killed. (Adam Sabes/Fox News Digital)
State police forensics look for clues in Moscow, Idaho, on Nov. 21, 2022. (Derek Shook for Fox News Digital)
Investigators have appealed to the college town of about 25,000 to report anything out of the ordinary that could be related to the murders.
"Your information, whether you believe it is significant or not, might be the piece of the puzzle that helps investigators solve these murders," the Moscow Police Department said in a statement.
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The public can call in tips at 208-883-7180, email [email protected] or submit digital media here .
Paul Best is a breaking news reporter for Fox News Digital and Fox Business. Story tips and ideas can be sent to [email protected] and on Twitter: @KincaidBest .
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Drone hits Moscow tower housing ministries for second time, says mayor
Russian defence ministry blames Kyiv for attack as Ukrainian presidential adviser says Kremlin should expect ‘more war’
- Russia-Ukraine war – latest news updates
A high-rise building in Moscow housing Russian government ministries has been hit by a drone for the second time in three days, the city’s mayor has said, as a Ukrainian presidential adviser said the Kremlin should expect more drone attacks and “more war”.
The Russian defence ministry said two drones were destroyed by air defence systems in the Odintsovo and Naro-Fominsk districts near Moscow in a fresh wave of attacks on Tuesday, while it claimed a third was jammed and went “out of control” before it crashed in the Moscow City business district, a cluster of glass skyscrapers that was built to show Russia’s growing integration into world financial markets. The ministry blamed Ukraine for what it called an “attempted terrorist attack”.
Photos and video showed that a drone had ripped off part of the facade of a modern skyscraper, IQ-Quarter, 3.4 miles (5.5km) from the Kremlin, which houses staff from several ministries, including Russia’s ministry of digital development, communications and mass media.
“The facade of the 21st floor was damaged. The glazing of 150 sq metres was broken,” the Moscow mayor, Sergei Sobyanin, said in a Telegram post, adding that no injuries had been reported.
Ukraine has not formally admitted it was behind the strikes on Sunday and early on Tuesday, though they appear to be part of a growing strategy to bring home the consequences of Vladimir Putin’s war to Russia’s civilian population.
The Ukrainian presidential adviser Mykhailo Podolyak suggested in a tweet on Tuesday that the Russian capital, whose residents have largely been able to ignore the devastation being meted out on a daily basis in Ukraine, was experiencing payback.
“Moscow is rapidly getting used to full-fledged war, which, in turn, will soon finally move to the territory of the ‘authors of the war’ to collect all their debts. Everything that will happen in Russia is an objective historical process.
“More unidentified drones, more collapse, more civil conflicts, more war …” he wrote .
Russia’s economy ministry said its employees were working remotely after the latest attack. Moscow’s Vnukovo airport was also temporarily shut and flights redirected.
The Moscow City district towers, often unoccupied at night, are located further from the Kremlin than other highly defended government targets such as the ministry of defence, where Russia had stationed a Pantsir S-1 air defence system on the roof last year, and present a large, tall target.
In a video address on Sunday, the Ukrainian president, Volodymr Zelenskiy, made the same point as Podolyak as he said the war was coming home to Russia after three drones were shot down over Moscow.
“Gradually, the war is returning to the territory of Russia – to its symbolic centres and military bases. This is an inevitable, natural and absolutely fair process,” Zelenskiy said.
The attacks on Tuesday marked at least the fifth time that unmanned aerial vehicles have reached the Russian capital since May, when two drones came down over the Kremlin. Moscow and its surrounding area are more than 500km from the Ukrainian border and the conflict there.
While the damage so far has been relatively minor, the attacks appear designed to show up Moscow’s vulnerability to drone warfare. Ukrainian bloggers on Tuesday ironically repeated claims made in April by the commander of Russia’s air defences, Lieut Gen Andrey Demin.
“There is hardly a better sky shield anywhere in the world than Moscow,” Demin assured a Russian newspaper.
The Russian defence ministry said on Tuesday that it had also foiled a Ukrainian drone attack targeting patrol boats in the Black Sea.
The attack on Moscow came as Russia launched its own drone strike, on Kharkiv, Ukraine’s second-largest city, injuring one person. Five Iranian-made Shahed drones were deployed, Ukrainian officials said.
Two floors of a college dormitory were destroyed and set on fire as Russia targeted “densely populated” areas of the north-eastern city, the mayor, Ihor Terekhov, said on Telegram on Tuesday, adding that three explosions had been heard in the city.
The chief of police in Kharkiv, Volodymyr Tymoshko, said there were two night-time strikes – one on the college and one on the city centre. One person was injured in the city centre.
It was unclear whether anyone was in the college building when it was struck, with local media initially saying it was empty and later reporting one person had been inside.
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Bucephalandra Brownie Ghost
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Even though our plants are very clean, but we can't guarantee they will be 100% pest-free because we cannot be responsible for your aquarium. Please use it at your own risk. We recommended all customers rinse the plants with clean water and quarantine them before use.
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- Unless specific, we don't guarantee aquatic plants will be grow emerged or submerge.
Nice size plants doing very well. Will buy here often.
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i didn't expect how big it is hehe healthy and cool plants
It’s actually a very nice quality of buce, just wish they could tell me what year of buce it is. I.e. there’s the brownie ghost 2011 example
I received my Brownie Ghost a few days ago. It was packaged well and the plant looks healthy. I would order this again for sure.
Very happy with this plant thank you love the packing
We offer BUY 2 GET 1 FREE* on many plants. For every 2 same plant that you purchased, we will automatically send you 1 extra plant for free. Restriction applied.
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