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Overview of Adaptive Boats

martin 16 adaptive sailboat

What are some examples of adaptive boats my program or club might consider utilizing?

Boats widely used in adaptive sailing include, but are not limited to, the following. For a descriptive list from Disabled Sports USA click here .

2.4mRs are highly technical singlehanded boats.

They are raced throughout the world and are popular among both able bodied sailors and adaptive sailors.

Sonars are triplehanded boats sailed by able bodied and adaptive athletes alike.

Sonars can be adapted in a mileu of ways to accomodate various disabilities. Example adaptions include seating, steering, benches and stability bars.



A Martin 16 is an excellent boat for sailors who enjoy the sport, like to compete in regattas and may want to bring a companion with them sailing.

Martin 16s are very popular in Canada and can also be found on both the East ( for example) and West Coasts ( for example) of the United States.

are an easily sailed boat, with several available modifications for sailiors with adaptive needs.

Freedom 20s

are a great addition to the world of adaptive sailing.

These 20 foot keelboats can be adapted in many ways, some of which include: chairs that pivot from bench to bench, a jib-boom, and rebound steering for blind sailors.

These boats are most common in learn to sail programs and are rarely seen racing. Ideal for a crew of 3-4 people, Freedoms transition well into sonars and other racing boats.

.



Ideal 18s are great boats for sailors new to the sport, or those who enjoy competition and cruising. Ideal 18s are often Yacht Club owned fleet boats, and as such are often provided to the sailors at regattas, such as the Robie Pierce Regatta.

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Let us know if you have questions, or if a question has gone unanswered! We will endeavor to find an answer for you and your program.

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Clagett Sailing

231 Indian Avenue, Portsmouth, RI 02871 Phone: (401) 846-4470 Email:   [email protected]  

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Adaptive Sailing on Lake George

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Y-Knot has a fleet of six Martin 16s. With a deep ballasted keel and simple control systems, the Martin 16 is a safe daysailer for sailors of all abilities. A second seat accommodates an instructor or passenger. And two of our four M16s are equipped with an asymmetrical spinnaker. As a sport and recreation, sailing allows sailors with disabilities to sail without compromise, alongside able-bodied sailors. From its inception, the Martin 16 was designed to be accessible to sailors with mobility impairments — without specialized adaptations. Stability, adjustable seating and simplified control systems make the Martin 16 accessible to most physically challenged sailors. The Martin 16 Power-Assist System provides modular, power-assisted steering, sail-sheeting and bilge-pumping. The Martin 16’s 330 lb. (150 kg.) bulb keel provides exceptional stability.

Our three Sonars are the newest additions to our fleet, and include a brand-new boat that was given to Y-Knot by the Clagett Boat Grant program. The Sonar is a 23-foot keelboat with a large open cockpit and secure seating for helmsman and crew. We use this boat in Y-Knot’s “Learn to Sail” classes, and have added modifications to the boat to accommodate our disabled sailors. We have two different sliding helm seats, transfer benches and stability grab bars for both skipper and jib trimmer, and an autohelm that can be controlled by either electronic joystick or sip ‘n’ puff.

Adaptive Sailing Association of BC

Sailing for people with physical disabilities got its start in Canada in 1989 when Sam Sullivan used a British-made Sunbird dinghy to launch the first few sails at the Jericho Sailing Centre on English Bay.

The original Sunbird had been presented to Rick Hansen by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher during Expo ’86 in Vancouver to mark the end of his ‘Man in Motion’ world tour.

During that first summer, sailors with tetraplegia, paraplegia and other significant physical disabilities logged a total of 22 sails.

Today, ASABC operates eight specially designed Martin 16 sailboats and provides an average of 1,000+ sails each (non-COVID) year. To meet the increased demand for ASABC programs, we are looking to add a new boat to the fleet with the help of our friend Tim Slater, commodore at the False Creek Yacht Club. Tim and his crew successfully sailed a beautifully restored Baltic 38DP in the Victoria to Maui Yacht Race, raising funds and awareness for ASABC and the Royal Canadian Marine Search & Rescue.

The Martin 16 sailboat is designed specifically to be accessible for all levels of ability, with use of either a joystick controls or sip and puff technology. Participants range from novices to experienced racers who advance to join the Race Club , representing ASABC in local regattas and national competitions.

Our vision is to empower people with physical disabilities to re-imagine what is possible. Sailing provides an opportunity to do just that. Whether you are coming out for a relaxing sail to enjoy the sunshine and the beautiful views of the city from English Bay, or you’re training with our crew as part of the Race Club, we welcome you to join our ASABC sailing community. Book a sail now .

It’s official – we have changed our name to the Adaptive Sailing Association of British Columbia (ASABC)!

martin 16 adaptive sailboat

A huge thanks to all of you who responded to our rebranding survey. We have taken all your thoughts into consideration and believe our new logo will help represent the sense of freedom, joy and empowerment many of you have associated with our sailing program.

Following the shape of the Yin Yang symbol (representing harmony, adaptability and change), the ASABC logo’s waves move through the bottom and maintain balance with the sun; a symbol of life, power, strength, energy, force, clarity, and self. To maintain flow through the logo, a sail boat is at the top of the waves and surpasses the sun to represent that possibilities are endless and goals can be reached no matter how high.

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  • Sailboat Guide

Martin 16 is a 16 ′ 0 ″ / 4.9 m monohull sailboat designed by Don Martin and built by Martin Yachts Ltd. and Abbott Boats Inc. starting in 1995.

Drawing of Martin 16

Rig and Sails

Auxilary power, accomodations, calculations.

The theoretical maximum speed that a displacement hull can move efficiently through the water is determined by it's waterline length and displacement. It may be unable to reach this speed if the boat is underpowered or heavily loaded, though it may exceed this speed given enough power. Read more.

Classic hull speed formula:

Hull Speed = 1.34 x √LWL

Max Speed/Length ratio = 8.26 ÷ Displacement/Length ratio .311 Hull Speed = Max Speed/Length ratio x √LWL

Sail Area / Displacement Ratio

A measure of the power of the sails relative to the weight of the boat. The higher the number, the higher the performance, but the harder the boat will be to handle. This ratio is a "non-dimensional" value that facilitates comparisons between boats of different types and sizes. Read more.

SA/D = SA ÷ (D ÷ 64) 2/3

  • SA : Sail area in square feet, derived by adding the mainsail area to 100% of the foretriangle area (the lateral area above the deck between the mast and the forestay).
  • D : Displacement in pounds.

Ballast / Displacement Ratio

A measure of the stability of a boat's hull that suggests how well a monohull will stand up to its sails. The ballast displacement ratio indicates how much of the weight of a boat is placed for maximum stability against capsizing and is an indicator of stiffness and resistance to capsize.

Ballast / Displacement * 100

Displacement / Length Ratio

A measure of the weight of the boat relative to it's length at the waterline. The higher a boat’s D/L ratio, the more easily it will carry a load and the more comfortable its motion will be. The lower a boat's ratio is, the less power it takes to drive the boat to its nominal hull speed or beyond. Read more.

D/L = (D ÷ 2240) ÷ (0.01 x LWL)³

  • D: Displacement of the boat in pounds.
  • LWL: Waterline length in feet

Comfort Ratio

This ratio assess how quickly and abruptly a boat’s hull reacts to waves in a significant seaway, these being the elements of a boat’s motion most likely to cause seasickness. Read more.

Comfort ratio = D ÷ (.65 x (.7 LWL + .3 LOA) x Beam 1.33 )

  • D: Displacement of the boat in pounds
  • LOA: Length overall in feet
  • Beam: Width of boat at the widest point in feet

Capsize Screening Formula

This formula attempts to indicate whether a given boat might be too wide and light to readily right itself after being overturned in extreme conditions. Read more.

CSV = Beam ÷ ³√(D / 64)

Designed specifically for sailors with disabilities. Asymmetric spinnaker sail area: 194 sq ft. First 58 boats built by Marin Yachts Ltd.. 55 more from Abbott Boats Ltd. Original molds destroyed by fire in 2006 but a new set were created in 2009. Last known builder/seller: KAPE Boatworks Inc. Mississauga, Ontario, (CAN) Photo courtesy Adam Hunt.

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NEWS & EVENTS

martin 16 adaptive sailboat

Title of News Post

JAN 15, 2016

martin 16 adaptive sailboat

« All Events

Sailing with the Martin 16 – AM

July 21 @ 10:00 am - 12:00 pm.

Come enjoy a morning of sailing on Lake Champlain with us this summer. We’ll be out on Sunday through Thursday sailing from 10 AM to 12 PM, with access to two Martin 16 sailboats.   The Martin 16 is a 1 on 1 learn to sail so that means caregivers and aids/families are not able to participate with them. Please keep this in mind when considering this program.

Contact Program Coordinator Betsy Hoffmeister at [email protected] for details and reservations.

About the Martin 16 The Canadian designed and built Martin 16 is a boat that allows children and adults with physical disabilities the possibility of leaving their wheelchair or other mobility device behind and going sailing! Even individuals with weak arms or no use of their arms can sail independently using power assist technology.

As it names suggests, the Martin 16 is 16 feet long – the size of many small sailboats. But unlike other boats, the Martin 16 has been specially designed to meet the needs of sailors with disabilities.

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Vermont Adaptive Ski & Sports • P.O. Box 139 • Killington, VT 05751 • 802.786.4991

martin 16 adaptive sailboat

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martin 16 adaptive sailboat

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martin 16 adaptive sailboat

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martin 16 adaptive sailboat

IMAGES

  1. Martin 16

    martin 16 adaptive sailboat

  2. Meet the Martin 16 Sailboat

    martin 16 adaptive sailboat

  3. MARTIN 16

    martin 16 adaptive sailboat

  4. Our Fleet

    martin 16 adaptive sailboat

  5. Sailing

    martin 16 adaptive sailboat

  6. Mobility Cup

    martin 16 adaptive sailboat

VIDEO

  1. Sailboat on Lake Martin(a) 3-26-2011

  2. 1985 Islander 38C

  3. Sailing the Neptune 16

  4. Neptune 16

  5. XP16 additional jib

  6. Swift Algonquin 16 Classic Canoe

COMMENTS

  1. KAPE Boatworks Inc

    We provide specially-designed sailboats and adaptive equipment for people with limited mobility, dexterity, sensation and strength to go sailing. ... The Canadian designed and built Martin 16 is a boat that allows adults and children with physical disabilities the possibility of leaving their wheelchair or other mobility device and going ...

  2. Martin 16

    Martin 16. The Martin 16 is a Canadian trailerable sailboat, that was designed by Don Martin of Vancouver, British Columbia, specifically as a boat for disabled sailors 1995. The Martin 16 is a fractional sloop rig, a transom-hung rudder and a lifting weighted bulb keel. Both the mainsail and the jib are mounted with booms.

  3. The Martin16

    The Martin 16 is currently used in adapted sailing programs around the world for recreational sailing, learn-to-sail programs and racing. Safety Features - a 300 lb lead keel bulb is attached to the daggerboard for stability, making it impossible to capsize (tip over). The inner hull of the boat is filled with foam flotation, making the Martin ...

  4. Martin 16

    The Martin 16 sailboat was designed by Don Martin and has found success among many adaptive sailing programs. The boat can be sailed singlehanded (pictured right below) or with a companion (pictured left below). The Martin 16 uses a seat design to accomodate a wide range of disabilities, and an upgraded seat for those who need more trunk ...

  5. Meet the Martin 16 Sailboat

    Laura, Loic, and Abbey takes you on a your of the Martin 16 sailboat used for adaptive sailing.*Formerly Disabled Sailing Association of BC (DSA)-----...

  6. Martin 16

    Martin 16s racing in the Mobility Cup 2019 Martin 16. The Martin 16 is a small recreational keelboat, built predominantly of fiberglass. It has a fractional sloop rig, a transom-hung rudder and a lifting weighted bulb keel. It displaces 730 lb (331 kg) and carries 330 lb (150 kg) of lead ballast. Both the mainsail and the jib are mounted with ...

  7. Don Martin: Martin 16 and adaptive sailing

    Vancouver yacht designer Don Martin talks about the design challenges he overcame after being asked to create a sailboat for people with physical disabilitie...

  8. KAPE Boatworks

    Since 2013 KAPE Boatworks Inc. has built and sold over 20 Martin 16 sailboats. It is a partnership comprised of Karen-Ann Xavier and Paula Stone. ... KAPE Boatwork's mission is to support the development of adaptive sailing programs that promote the independence, well-being and quality of life of people with disabilities. ...

  9. Our Boats

    The Adaptive Sailing Association of BC is a charity that helps people with physical disabilities to feel empowered and inspired to redefine what's possible. ... The Martin 16 is a breakthrough in small boat design. The weighted keel makes it a very safe boat for people with severe disabilities. The high lift keel makes the boat very stable ...

  10. Martin 16: Rear Seat Support

    Martin 16: Rear Seat Support At the Clagett Regatta in Newport, the Martin 16s are sailed in double-handed format. In the photo below, Sarah Everhart Skeels and Tim Brown — both with a Paralympic classification of 1 — compete in the 2023 Clagett and US Sailing Para Sailing Championship.

  11. Seating Adaptations

    Martin 16: KAPE Seat. The KAPE seat is an upgrade to the stock Martin 16 seat that provides additional trunk support. There are adjustable side bolsters, a large neoprene-with-velcro chest strap, and an optional headrest. The KAPE seat is a seat-back replacement and can be mounted to an existing M16 seat bottom, or provided ...

  12. MARTIN 16

    Martin 16 Information: Download Boat Record: Notes. Designed specifically for sailors with disabilities. Asymmetric spinnaker sail area: 194 sq ft. First 58 boats built by Marin Yachts Ltd.. 55 more from Abbott Boats Ltd. Original molds destroyed by fire in 2006 but a new set were created in 2009.

  13. Martin 16 Videos

    Martin 16 Videos. The playlist below contains a series of talks on sailing the Martin 16 from the boat's designer, Don Martin, as well as instructions on how to install the autohelm power assist on the boat. Don Martin: Martin 16 and adaptive sailing | ASABC. 1/9. Watch on.

  14. Martin 16

    Y-Knot Sailing is a program of YMCA Camp Chingachgook. 1872 Pilot Knob Road, Kattskill Bay, NY 12844 | Phone: 518.656.9462 | Fax: 518.656.9362. M16 Tuning Guide The Martin 16 Fleet continues to grow and refine over the seasons. The double-handed sailing format has really caught on in the past three seasons and there are active double-handed ...

  15. A list of adaptive boats for sailors with disabilities

    A Martin 16 is an excellent boat for sailors who enjoy the sport, like to compete in regattas and may want to bring a companion with them sailing. ... Freedom 20s are a great addition to the world of adaptive sailing. These 20 foot keelboats can be adapted in many ways, some of which include: chairs that pivot from bench to bench, a jib-boom ...

  16. Martin 16: KAPE Seat

    The KAPE seat is an upgrade to the stock Martin 16 seat that provides additional trunk support. There are adjustable side bolsters, a large neoprene-with-velcro chest strap, and an optional headrest. The KAPE seat is a seat-back replacement and can be mounted to an existing M16 seat bottom, or provided as a complete replacement.

  17. Our Sailboats

    Martin 16 Y-Knot has a fleet of six Martin 16s. With a deep ballasted keel and simple control systems, the Martin 16 is a safe daysailer for sailors of all abilities. ... Y-Knot Sailing is a US Sailing Accredited Adaptive Sailing Center. Y-Knot Sailing is a program of YMCA Camp Chingachgook. 1872 Pilot Knob Road, Kattskill Bay, NY 12844 | Phone ...

  18. Ordering an M16

    The Martin 16 is sold with Dacron sails. The standard hull and deck color is white but upgrades to colored gelcoat are possible. There is a choice of sail camber stripe colour. Upgrades to Mylar/Pentex sails (for racing) or heavy-duty Dacron (for daily use in Able Sail/adaptive sailing programs) are available.

  19. About Us

    The Adaptive Sailing Association of BC is a charity that helps people with physical disabilities to feel empowered and inspired to redefine what's possible. Skip to the content. ... The Martin 16 sailboat is designed specifically to be accessible for all levels of ability, with use of either a joystick controls or sip and puff technology. ...

  20. Adaptive Sailing Equipment

    Sailors have always relied on equipment adaptations to sail their boats, from the use of cleats and block-and-tackle to winches and autohelms. Those with a physical impairment are no different, but may need additional adaptations to meet their needs. Adaptations have been developed for specific boats sailed in adaptive or Para Sailing events.

  21. Martin 16

    Martin 16 is a 16′ 0″ / 4.9 m monohull sailboat designed by Don Martin and built by Martin Yachts Ltd. and Abbott Boats Inc. starting in 1995. Great choice! Your favorites are temporarily saved for this session. Sign in to save them permanently, access them on any device, and receive relevant alerts. ... Martin 16. 1995.

  22. Sailing with the Martin 16

    We'll be out on Sunday through Thursday sailing from 10 AM to 12 PM, with access to two Martin 16 sailboats. The Martin 16 is a 1 on 1 learn to sail so that means caregivers and aids/families are not able to participate with them. Please keep this in mind when considering this program. Contact Program Coordinator Betsy Hoffmeister at ...

  23. Martin 16: Tractor Steering

    For those sailors who have difficulty with the standard Martin 16 joystick steering, a "tractor" steering option can be installed. This system was designed by Gene Hinkel. two small metal guide boxes are fixed to the outside of the front seat. These remain in place and out of the way regardless of which steering system is used.