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MENGENAL CABAI SETAN GHOST PEPPER - ISTIMEWANYA, KEGUNAAN, DAN SEGALA HAL YANG PERLU DIKETAHUI
Apa itu Ghost Pepper?
Ghost Pepper atau yang dikenal juga dengan nama Bhut Jolokia atau cabai setan adalah cabai yang berasal dari wilayah Assam, India. Cabai ini memegang rekor sebagai cabai terpedas di dunia pada tahun 2007 hingga 2011. Tingkat kepedasan Ghost Pepper mencapai lebih dari 1 juta unit Scoville, yang jauh melebihi tingkat kepedasan cabai jalapeno yang hanya sekitar 2.500-8.000 unit Scoville. Cabai ini menjadi terkenal di seluruh dunia karena rasa pedas yang luar biasa dan keunikannya dalam dunia kuliner.
Apa istimewanya Ghost Pepper?
Pedas dari Ghost Pepper dapat membantu pasien sinus membersihkan saluran hidung. Cabai ini juga dikenal bisa membantu meredakan migrain dan sakit kepala yang terus-menerus. Antioksidan yang ada dalam paprika, bisa melawan radikal bebas di dalam tubuh manusia dan juga melindungi tubuh dari penyakit. Bhut jolokia juga bisa mempercepat metabolisme, sehingga bagus untuk menurunkan berat badan.
Rasa dan Tekstur:
Ghost Pepper memiliki rasa pedas yang intens, dengan sentuhan buah-buahan dan aroma yang unik. Meskipun terkenal karena tingkat kepedasannya yang tinggi, Ghost Pepper juga memiliki rasa manis dan asam yang lembut. Tekstur Ghost Pepper cenderung keras dan kering, mirip dengan cabai kering pada umumnya.
Ghost Pepper memiliki beberapa varietas warna namun sama-sama pedas.
1. Bhut Jolokia Red: Varian ini adalah jenis Ghost pepper yang paling terkenal. Tidak hanya memiliki warna merah terang dan salah satu varian Ghost pepper terpedas. Bhut Jolokia Red juga memiliki cita rasa yang smoky dan serupa dengan buah-buahan.
2. Bhut Jolokia Chocolate: Varian ini memiliki warna cokelat tua dan rasa pedas serupa Ghost pepper merah, namun memiliki aftertaste yang manis. Bhut Jolokia Cokelat juga memiliki rasa yang smoky.
3. Bhut Jolokia White: Varian ini memiliki warna putih. Walaupun juga pedas, bhut jolokia white juga memiliki cita rasa citrus.
4. Bhut Jolokia Orange: Varian berwarna oranye ini memiliki cita rasa citrus yang lebih wangi dibandingkan varian putih, namun memiliki tingkat kepedasan yang sepandan dengan varian merah dan ukurannya lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan varian ghost pepper lainnya.
5. Bhut Jolokia Purple: Varian ini memiliki warna ungu. Meskipun varietas ini memiliki cita rasa seperti Bhut Jolokia lainnya, Bhut Jolokia Purple hanya sepedas cabai habanero oranye.
6. Bhut Jolokia Peach: Varian berwarna persik ini memiliki aftertaste buah-buahan yang medok, namun tidak sepedas dengan varian merah.
7. Bhut Jolokia Yellow: Varian ini memiliki warna kuning. Walaupun memiliki cita rasa serupa dengan varian merah, bhut jolokia yellow tidak sepedas varian merah.
8. Bhut Jolokia Green: Varian ini memiliki warna hijau. Ini adalah ghost pepper merah yang belum matang sepenuhnya. Varian hijau ini memiliki cita rasa seperti rumput dengan sentuhan fruity dan floral. Berbeda dengan varian lainnya, kepedasan varian ini terus meningkat dan tidak akan hilang seiringnya dimakan.
Cara Mengkonsumsi dan Memasak dengan Ghost Pepper:
Ghost Pepper bisa diolah dan dikonsumsi dalam berbagai cara. Berikut adalah beberapa cara mengkonsumsi dan memasak Ghost Pepper:
1. Digunakan dalam sambal: Ghost Pepper bisa diolah menjadi sambal yang pedas dan lezat. Anda dapat mencampurnya dengan bahan-bahan lain seperti tomat, bawang, garam, dan gula untuk menciptakan sambal dengan rasa yang kaya.
2. Digunakan dalam saus dan marinade: Anda dapat menambahkan Ghost Pepper dalam saus dan marinade untuk memberikan sentuhan pedas yang ekstra pada hidangan seperti daging panggang atau ayam.
3. Digunakan dalam sup atau kari: Anda juga dapat menambahkan Ghost Pepper dalam sup atau kari untuk memberikan rasa pedas yang kuat pada hidangan tersebut.
Cara Menyimpan Ghost Pepper:
Untuk menyimpan Ghost Pepper, bisa dikeringkan atau dibekukan. Berikut adalah langkah-langkah untuk menyimpan Ghost Pepper:
1. Dikeringkan: Gantung Ghost Pepper dengan cara diikat bersama-sama dan menggantung
kannya di tempat yang kering dan terkena sinar matahari langsung. Setelah Ghost Pepper benar-benar kering, giling menjadi bubuk atau simpan dalam wadah kedap udara.
2. Dibekukan: Potong Ghost Pepper menjadi potongan-potongan kecil dan bekukan dalam kantong plastik kedap udara. Simpan dalam freezer dan keluarkan sesuai kebutuhan.
Seperti bahan makanan lainnya, Ghost Pepper juga dapat rusak dan menjadi tidak layak konsumsi. Berikut adalah beberapa tanda-tanda kehancuran Ghost Pepper:
1. Perubahan warna: Jika Ghost Pepper berubah menjadi kecokelatan atau terlihat berjamur, itu adalah tanda bahwa cabai sudah rusak.
2. Bau busuk atau asam: Jika Ghost Pepper memiliki bau yang tidak sedap atau tercium bau asam, itu menandakan bahwa cabai sudah basi.
3. Tekstur yang lembek: Jika Ghost Pepper terasa lembek saat disentuh, itu menandakan bahwa cabai sudah basi dan tidak aman untuk dikonsumsi.
Itulah beberapa informasi mengenai Ghost Pepper, cabai yang terkenal dengan kepedasannya yang tinggi. Selalu berhati-hatilah saat mengkonsumsinya dan nikmati keunikan rasa pedas yang ditawarkan oleh cabai ini!
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Tantangan Makan Ghost Pepper, Cabai yang Katanya Terpedas di Dunia
Ghost Pepper, cabai yang memiliki rasa pedas yang kuat.
REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- Cabai ghost pepper tengah viral di Indonesia. Ini tidak terlepas dari rasa rempah tersebut, yang dinilai sangatlah pedas. Bahkan, ghost pepper disebut sebagai cabai terpedas di dunia.
Sebagai perbandingan, ghost pepper memiliki 1 juta scoville heat units (SHU) atau tingkat kepedasan maupun rasa panas yang dirasakan saat makan pedas. Ukuran ini jauh di atas cabai rawit yang biasa kita konsumsi, yakni sebesar 50.000 SHU. Saking pedasnya, cabai ghost pepper sampai digunakan untuk menangkap teroris oleh tentara India pada 2015 lalu. Ghost pepper dipakai untuk bahan peledak guna membekuk para teroris di dalam gua.
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Rempah ini juga disebut paling langka di dunia. Ghost pepper hanya tumbuh di bagian timur laut India, tepatnya di Assam, Manipur, dan Nagaland. Biasanya ghost pepper dimasukkan dalam masakan daging dan ikan. Tidak jarang juga cabai ini ditemui dalam kari dan acar.
Saat masuk ke Indonesia, tren ghost pepper langsung membludak di kalangan milenial dan gen Z. Hal ini karena dua generasi ini menyukai makanan pedas, terbukti dari survei tahun 2022 yang digelar Shopee Food, di mana mi pedas dan ayam geprek menjadi makanan yang favorit. Orang yang terbiasa makan pedas cenderung tertantang untuk merasakan tingkat kepedasan yang baru.
Ghost pepper sendiri mula-mula viral di media sosial, dimana seorang Tiktoker bernama Yudha Pangestu (@yudhapangestu24) sempat ditantang seorang followers -nya, untuk merasakan kepedasan ghost pepper. Akun Tiktok bernama @dinss1409, menantang Yudha yang memiliki 3,2 juta pengikut itu, untuk memakan mi dengan campuran bumbu ghost pepper , yaitu Daebak Ghost Pepper.
Ia diminta mencampur semua varian, yakni Ghost Pepper Instant Noodles, Ghost Pepper Smax Ring, serta Mister Potato edisi Ghost Pepper, lantas kemudian menghabiskannya. Namun, karena rasa pedas yang luar biasa, Yudha tak sanggup menghabiskannya dan berulah seperti orang kerasukan.
"Ah, pedes banget ," ujar Yudha dalam video yang diunggah akun Tiktoknya, dikutip Kamis (22/6/2023).
" Nggak sanggup gua ," imbuh dia.
Yudha yang kewalahan pun membuat para Tiktoker lainnya untuk mengikuti tantangan tersebut. Hasilnya ratusan Tiktokers Indonesia turut mengikuti tantangan tersebut.
- ghost pepper
- cabai terpedas
- tantangan makan ghost pepper
(QS. Maryam ayat 54)
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Ghost Pepper, Mie Instan Terpedas di Dunia yang Bikin Lidah Terbakar!
Ghost Pepper cocok untuk pencinta mie bercita rasa pedas. Tak main-main, mie instan dalam cup ini dibuat dari ghost pepper, salah satu cabai terpedas di dunia. Ghost pepper masuk dalam daftar cabai terpedas di dunia. Di tahun 2020, Pepper Head (29/5) mencatatnya ada di urutan tujuh. Cabai dengan nama lain Bhut Jolokia ini memiliki 1,1041,427 Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) yang menunjukkan tingkat kepedasan cabai. Konon ghost pepper 4.000 kali lipat lebih pedas dari Tabasco Meski rasanya super pedas, banyak orang tertarik mencoba ghost pepper. Apalagi pada tahun 2019, produsen mie instan di Malaysia, MAMEE meluncurkan varian Daebak Ghost Pepper Spicy Chicken Noodles. Produk ini sempat diklaim sebagai mie instan terpedas di dunia mengalahkan Samyang dari Korea.
Baca Juga: Bikin Lidah Mati Rasa! Ini 5 Mie Mala khas Sezchuan yang Pedas Gila Di Malaysia, Ghost Pepper dijual di 7-11 (Seven Eleven). Harganya berkisar 5,8 RM atau sekitar Rp 20.000, sebut TripZilla (19/5). Kemasan mie instan ini mencuri perhatian dengan dominasi warna hitam dan merah. Tertulis keterangan Spicy Chicken di bagian depan. Saat dibuka, terlihat ada garpu plastik dan saus kental dalam kantong kecil. Untuk memasaknya, Sethlui (29/5) mengungkap tinggal merendam mie instan dengan air panas lalu tiriskan. Setelah itu masukkan saus berwarna kehitaman ke dalam mie dan aduk rata. Tampilannya terlihat unik karena warna mie Ghost Pepper juga hitam.
Jika tertarik mencobanya, Ghost Pepper dijual di toko-toko online di Indonesia. Harganya bervariasi, mulai dari Rp 50.000 per cup. Beberapa penjual menawarkan mie Ghost Pepper yang ada logo halalnya. Kepedasan mie Ghost Pepper rupanya menarik perhatian banyak orang. Banyak artis dan YouTuber tertarik mencicipi mie ini lalu mengunggah video reaksi mereka saat mencicipnya. Salah satunya Tanboy Kun yang terkenal sebagai pencinta rasa pedas.
SCROLL TO CONTINUE WITH CONTENT
Tanboy Kun bahkan mukbang mie Ghost Pepper dengan paduan mie instan terpedas Malaysia lainnya. Menurutnya mie ini terasa mirip Samyang dengan aftertaste pahit. Di awal-awal rasa pedasnya belum terasa, namun di akhir barulah sengatan pedasnya makin kuat. Baru-baru ini istri Denny Cagur, Shanty Denny juga mencoba mie instan pedas ini bersama anaknya. "Aromanya ke idung ya, ke mata perih," kata Shanty saat ingin melahapnya. Soal rasa ia menyebut enak. "Saking pedesnya, sampe ke kuping-kuping panas," katanya. Sang anakpun sampai menangis dan loncat-loncat saking pedasnya. "Pedesnya di akhir om, pedesnya di tenggorokan," tutupnya. Baca Juga: Huaah! Pedas Mampus Mie Instan Bisa Dinikmati di 5 Tempat Ini
Bukan Buat Sambal, 5 Cabai Ini Cocoknya Diolah Jadi Perasa hingga Selai
7 mie instan terpedas di dunia, nomor 1 capai 1,6 juta shu, begini rasa mie instan terpedas di indonesia, pakai ghost pepper, berani coba ini ramen instan terpedas di dunia.
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What Are Ghost Peppers?
One of the hottest chiles in the world has found its way into a number of condiments and snacks.
Bhut jolokias are having a moment in the spotlight, though you may know them better by their stage name: ghost peppers. Spicy food consumption is on the rise worldwide, and with it comes an appetite for even hotter peppers. Luckily ghost peppers got just ahead of the curve, beating out the likes of those puny habaneros and Scotch bonnets in 2007 when Guinness gave bhut jolokia the title of hottest chile on the planet , making it one of the first of what are known by spicy food enthusiasts as the "superhots." With these spicy little numbers popping up everywhere (even at your local Wendy's drive-thru ), here's what you need to know about ghost peppers.
What are ghost peppers?
Bhut jolokia is a small chile typically of a red or orange color and can have bumpy or smooth skin. The peppers are about 2.5-3.5 inches long and 1 inch wide, about the size of your thumb. They are a thinner skin than many chiles, and (unlike jalapeños) contain only half of their capsaicin (the spicy stuff) in the vein or pith and the other half in the actual flesh of the fruit . That means there's no escaping the heat when cooking with these bad boys.
How spicy are ghost peppers?
The chiles' spiciness is rated in Scoville heat units (SHUs). For reference, a bell pepper rates a zero, Tabasco sauce is 2,500-5,000 SHUs, a jalapeño is 3,500-10,000 SHUs, and various habaneros come in at around 100k-350k SHUs. Until the 1980s it was widely accepted that the hottest peppers topped out at about half a million, then along came the bhut jolokia at 1,000,000+ SHUs. It was officially verified and crowned the hottest pepper by Guinness in 2007, and held that title until 2011 when a few more peppers, like the slightly hotter Infinity chile and the current record holder the Carolina Reaper (up to 2 million SHUs), came onto the scene.
What do ghost peppers taste like?
Beyond being really hot, ghost peppers taste like a lot of other peppers you may have tried, though it seems many chile fans prefer the actual taste of the bhut jolokia to others. In a discussion on Reddit, one commenter claims they have a smoky flavor.
Where to find ghost peppers
Bhut jolokia originally hails from India, where it's grown in the states of Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, and Arunachal Pradesh. However the increasing worldwide interest in superhots has meant that universities and farmers in many regions have taken to growing ghost peppers for medical research, casual interest, and to make big bucks selling them to anyone who thinks they can stand the heat. Ghost peppers are now widely available in spice shops and at some farmers markets.
How to eat ghost peppers
Very carefully. But seriously, the bhut jolokia is used in pepper sprays, grenades , and as a repellent to keep elephants away from villages. It's used in curries, pickling brine, and chutneys and has made its way into Western hot sauces, tortilla chips , and even candy ! Of course, given its intense heat, raw ghost peppers are also a staple of (ill-advised) eating contests.
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Definition of ghost pepper
called also bhut jolokia
Examples of ghost pepper in a Sentence
These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'ghost pepper.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.
translation of a presumed Assamese compound noun bhüt-zolokiya
Note: See etymology and note at bhut jolokia .
2008, in the meaning defined above
Dictionary Entries Near ghost pepper
Cite this Entry
“Ghost pepper.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary , Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ghost%20pepper. Accessed 23 Jan. 2024.
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Home » Chili Pepper Types » Superhot Chili Peppers » Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia) - All About Them
Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia) - All About Them
by Mike Hultquist · Jul 6, 2021 · 10 Comments ·
The ghost pepper (aka the Bhut Jolokia) is one of the hottest peppers in the world, topping over 1 Million Scoville Heat Units. Learn more about it.
Ghost Pepper Scoville Heat Units: 855,000 – 1,041,427 SHU Capsicum Chinense
What is a Ghost Pepper?
The ghost pepper (aka the Bhut Jolokia) is one of the hottest peppers in the world, topping over 1 Million SHU (Scoville Heat Units).
It was awarded the distinction of the World's Hottest of All Spices by the Guinness World Records in 2006, topping the Red Savina Habanero , though was eventually toppled several times over. The current record holder for the hottest pepper in the world is the Carolina Reaper .
Ripe peppers measure 2.5 to 3.3 inches long and are usually red, though there are red, yellow, orange, white, purple or chocolate color varieties. They originate in Northern India and the peppers have been around for generations, though only cultivated in the western world since the turn of the century.
History of the Bhut Jolokia (Ghost Pepper)
The ghost pepper was in the running for the hottest pepper in the world for quite some time - in fact, it actually held the Guinness Book of World Record's record for the world's hottest pepper from 2007 until 2010.
The bhut jolokia is a naturally growing pepper that can be found primarily in northeastern India and neighboring Bangladesh.
However, species can also be found in Sri Lanka occasionally. Due to the fact that "bhut" means "ghost" in the Assam language, this pepper is often called the "ghost pepper," in the Western world. These peppers have dented skin that is very thin and easy to tear.
Why is a Ghost Pepper Called a Ghost Pepper?
The word "bhut" means "ghost", given from the Bhutias people, possibly because the heat sneaks up on you like a ghost.
It is also known by the following names - Naga Jolokia, Bhut Jolokia, Bih jolokia, Nagahari, Raja Mircha, Raja chilli, Borbih jolokiai or Ghost Chili.
Note: "Naga" mean "Cobra Snake" in Sanskrit.
How Hot is a Ghost Pepper? (Ghost Pepper Scoville Rating)
The Ghost Pepper measures in at 1,000,000 + Scoville Heat Units. It offers up some intense heat.
They were officially the hottest peppers around, declared the World's Hottest of All Spices by the Guinness World Records in 2006, though was eventually dethroned by a new wave of superhot chili peppers .
The hottest ghost pepper is 416 times hotter than the mildest jalapeno pepper , which averages about 5,000 Scoville Heat Units on the Scoville Scale , and about 208 times hotter than the average jalapeno pepper and about 3 times hotter than the hottest habanero pepper. Quite hot!
Carolina Reaper Vs Ghost Peppers
You can certainly compare a ghost pepper to a Carolina Reaper propagated by Ed Currie as both are intensely hot and both offer up a sweet, fruity flavor. However, as hot as the ghost pepper is, the Carolina Reaper has more than double the heat of the ghost pepper when it is as it's hottest.
Ghost peppers top out at 1,041,427 SHU, where the Carolina Reaper reaches 2.2 Million SHU.
Ghost Pepper Taste and Heat
Ghost peppers offer an intense fruity, sweet chili flavor. The heat does not kick in for 30 - 45 seconds. Once the heat kicks in, expect sweating, watery eyes, hiccups and shortness of breath. The burning generally intensifies over 10 - 15 minutes and subsides after 30 - 40 minutes.
I personally enjoy them for their fruitiness and the fact that the peppers don't sting you with heat like a scorpion pepper (see this superhot - Trinidad Moruga Scorpion ). Instead, they offer a wonderful blooming heat that blooms. It is pleasurable if you can stand that level of heat.
You can reduce some of the heat by removing the pepper innards before cooking, but with superhots, much of the capsaicin (the chemical that makes peppers hot), reaches into the flesh, so they'll still be hot. Consider using them sparingly, or introducing a dairy, which helps to tame the heat.
Cooking with Ghost Peppers (Bhut Jolokia)
Because of their intense heat, but also because of their fruity flavor, ghost peppers are great for making hot sauces , for dehydrating into powders or chili flakes , or for chopping and cooking into larger meals, like pots of stew or pots of chili .
The heat will really bloom in a large pot. A little goes a long way. Use them as you'd use a habanero, but remember that they are much hotter, up to 5 times the heat level. Use caution when cooking with them. Wear gloves and protect your eyes.
See this post on Cooking with Superhot Chili Peppers for more ideas.
Can Eating Ghost Peppers Kill You?
Eating extremely hot chili peppers in large enough amounts can harm you, but it would take A LOT. According to Dr. Paul Bosland of the Chile Pepper Institute, if you ate a large amount in a short period of time, it could kill you.
He said, "A research study in 1980 calculated that 3 pounds of extreme chilies in powder form eaten all at once could kill a 150-pound person," Bosland, told Live Science. "However, one's body would react sooner and not allow it to happen." Potential results could be seizures, heart attacks, and even death.
However, 3 pounds of chili powder is an incredible amount, and it would be practically impossible to consume. That would be roughly equivalent to 12 pounds of fresh ghost peppers.
That said, eating them in moderation can be good for you, as chili peppers offer all sorts of health benefits .
I eat them all the time and love them.
Growing Ghost Peppers
Growing these peppers can be difficult, as ghosts like more humidity and heat. They are native to India and that particular climate, so grow best in those conditions. I've been able to grow them in my own home garden in Zone 5 with good success. The peppers grow to a good size and have great heat to them, and the plants are quite productive.
You might consider growing them in a greenhouse where you can control temperature and humidity more directly. Plant them 18-24 inches apart. They prefer warm soil and full sun. The seeds typically germinate around 35 days and mature 100 days after planting.
Pepper plants grow from 24-48 inches in height. The fruit of the ghost peppers measure 2-3 inches long.
Learn more about growing chili peppers here .
How Much Does a Ghost Pepper Weigh?
An average sized pepper is about 1/3 ounce, so be sure to plan your recipes accordingly.
Handle Ghost Peppers with Caution
When working with any super hot peppers, it is important to wear gloves when handling the peppers both in raw and dried forms. The oils can get on your skin and cause burning sensations.
Also, the fumes from the chili peppers and/or the fine pepper powders may get into the air if you are not working in a well ventilated room. Work with a fan and open windows, if possible. A mask and goggles can help in extreme situations to keep oils and fumes from your skin and eyes. Superhot chili peppers , truly, are called superhots for a reason.
If you do experience burning sensations, see my post on How to Stop the Chili Pepper Burn On Your Skin .
Ghost Pepper Recipes
I love cooking with the heat and flavor of ghost peppers and have a number of spicy foods recipes to share with you.
- Ghost Pepper Jelly
- Ghost Pepper Salsa
- Fresh Ghost Pepper Salsa
- Sweet and Spicy Ghost Pepper Candied Bacon
- Sweet Ghost Pepper-Pineapple-Pear Hot Sauce
- Ghost Pepper Hot Sauce
- Spicy Chicken Curry
- Ghost Pepper Chicken Wings
- Pineapple-Mango Ghost Pepper Hot Sauce
- Roasted Ghost Pepper Sauce
- Homemade Ghost Pepper Chili Hot Sauce
- Homemade Ghost Pepper Chili Powder
- Homemade Ghost Pepper Chips
- Phaal Curry (the Hottest Curry in the World)
Learn More About Superhot Chili Peppers
- Chili Pepper Types - Here is a list of chili peppers
- What is the Hottest Chili Pepper in the World?
- A List of the Hottest Chili Peppers in the World
- Carolina Reaper
- Brain Strain Peppers
- Trinidad Scorpion Butch T
- Chocolate Bhutlah
List of Chili Peppers Organized by Heat Levels
- Sweet and Mild Chili Peppers
- Medium Heat Level Chili Peppers
- Medium-Hot Chili Peppers
- Hot Chili Peppers
- Superhot Chili Peppers
Got any questions? Feel free to contact me anytime. Happy to help!
NOTE: This content was updated on 7/6/21 to include new information. It was originally published on 10/23/13.
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September 08, 2021 at 9:18 pm
lorraine Johns says
September 02, 2021 at 5:20 am
Hi Would they be ok in a jerk seasoning?
Michael Hultquist - Chili Pepper Madness says
September 02, 2021 at 5:37 am
It would be great, Lorraine. Nice and hot!
August 16, 2021 at 1:42 pm
Great info! My ghosts are starting to ripen and turn red! Would you recommend ghosts for a salsa? I’m planning on making hot sauce, but not sure if it will go well with salsa? Thanks!
August 20, 2021 at 6:32 am
Absolutely! The post includes links to a couple ghost pepper salsa recipes . Enjoy!
July 06, 2021 at 11:26 am
July 06, 2021 at 11:31 am
Thanks, Jérémie! I love ghost peppers so much!
Naveen bhandari says
July 12, 2020 at 12:03 am
Hi Mike, is there a degradation in flavour or taste or color to this ghost chilli pepper when subjected to 180 degree temperature ? Can this handle this kind of cooking temperature ? We want to use this as one of the ingredient in our final product called “khakra”which is like roasted wheat crisps.
July 12, 2020 at 11:27 am
Naveen, you'll still get plenty of heat and flavor after cooking with ghost peppers. Great ingredient to work with! Let me know how it goes with the crisps. Sounds wonderful!
Kris Swanson says
August 07, 2017 at 1:08 am
I am trying to find the bhut jolokia pepper in my local grocery store and it's hit and miss. I'm looking for the dried pepper. I grind it up and use it in my artisan cheese. Am I able to order direct through you? Thank you.
REPLY: Kris, sorry, but no, we don't sell pods. Check the Resources link at the top. -- Mike from Chili Pepper Madness.
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Ghost pepper: spotlighting the superhot pepper that started it all.
The Ghost Pepper, also known as Bhut Jolokia , is the first pepper to start the 1 million SHUs club and it never looked back. It’s one of the spiciest peppers in the world that the Indian Army uses to make “chili grenades.” Yep, you heard it right - they’re practically weaponized peppers! The Ghost Pepper is loved by the hot pepper community for its intense fruity, sweet flavors and a pure tongue-burning heat that just makes you sweat from your eyebrows. This superhot pepper is so hot that it held the Guinness Book of World Records for the world’s hottest pepper from 2007 until 2010 before the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T took the throne. Continue reading to learn all about the Ghost Pepper where we’ll give you every detail such as its origin, the heat, how to grow it, and even some recipes that you can instantly cook in your kitchen!
Ghost Pepper’s History
The Ghost Pepper has quite the interesting history. The name comes from its Assamese name, the Bhut Jolokia. Bhut in Assamese means “ghost” while Jolokia translate to “pepper.” It was cultivated in Northeast India, becoming a hybrid pepper that’s closely related to the Naga Morich. Today, there are many names for the superhot pepper such as ghost chili, Red Naga chili, Naga Bhut Jolokia, Bhoot Jolokia, and more. We all can agree that in English, Ghost Pepper fits perfectly since it frightens your taste buds. Apart from it being an ingredient for cooking, it’s known for being a homeopathic remedy for stomach pain. This may be hard to believe, considering the Ghost Pepper can cause you pain from its heat! The Ghost can be a way to beat the summer heat because you will sweat a bit after consumption, which will decrease your body temperature. It’s also used as a weapon where Indians smear their fences with the Ghost peppers to keep elephants away, and has been used as smoke bombs.
Ghost Pepper’s Heat and Flavors
It became the world’s hottest pepper in 2007, replacing the Red Savina Habanero which held the title of being the hottest pepper in the world from 1994-2006. The Bhut Jolokia comes in between 855,000 – 1,041,427 Scoville Heat Units (SHUs), making this 416 times hotter than the Jalapeno pepper. We’ll bluntly say that this pepper is definitely not Casper the Friendly Ghost. To put in perspective on how hot the Ghost is, this pepper’s throat-burning heat has a gradual build that’ll make you think you’re fine…for about 30 to 45 seconds. Once the heat hits you, you’re gasping for air, overcome with sweat, getting watery eyes, and hiccuping. The burning intensifies for ten to fifteen minutes (unless you beat the heat with some ice cream or a glass of milk), before it actually subsidies in about 30 minutes. We have proof from our own teammates eating a Ghost Pepper while giving pepper facts. There are beautiful flavors beyond the extreme spiciness, believe it or not! You get to experience sweet, fruity flavors with a hint of smokiness – flavors hot pepper lovers enjoy for cooking different cuisines and making hot sauces.
How to Grow the Ghost Pepper
As you learned from our recent blog on the Carolina Reaper’s Spotlight, we love hot peppers and helping you grow from seed to harvest. We have Ghost Pepper seeds for sale, and we’re here to help you learn how to grow this superhot pepper.
How to Plant Ghost Pepper Seeds
The number one rule you must remember is that Ghost peppers tend to like more humidity and heat than other peppers. They are native to India which is known for its warm climate climate.
Get your germination tray in front of you, and make sure to have soil, water, and Ghost pepper seeds to start the process. Pour water in the bottom of your base tray (about six cups of water), and then place your seedling cell insert over top. Check if you have ¼ of an inch of standing water in the tray. Fill the seed starting tray with potting soil and fill all the way to the top. Make a ¼-inch hole in each seed starting cell (you can use a #2 pencil eraser to create your holes). Finally, place seeds in each hole and cover them with soil and apply the heat source to the bottom of the tray and cover the top with a humidity trapping dome.
How to Germinate Ghost Pepper Seeds
After planting your seeds, it’s important that you keep your soil moist but not too wet. The dome can help keep moisture in. You’ll also want to keep your seeds and soil warm, which is why we recommend using a heat mat to do the job. Keep your soil temperature around 80- and 85-degrees Fahrenheit, and the same goes for all hot peppers, to maintain great germination rates. You can use a digital thermometer controller to check the temperatures. Superhot peppers can take a while to germinate, just be patient and attentive as the seeds can sprout in as little as seven days to up to six weeks. Remember, there’s nothing like giving your peppers some TLC because in the end, you’ll reap all the benefits!
How Long it Takes Ghost Peppers to Grow
When you see those little seeds sprout to established seedlings, it’s time to transition them into pots and the outdoors. You can start to put these peppers into pots once the seedlings are a few inches tall.
As we explained in our blog on how to harden off and transplant pepper plants , it’s critical that you transition them properly into the outdoors. You must keep your peppers indoors if the temperatures are cold because pepper plants do not like temperatures below 60 degrees. Remember, Ghost peppers prefer warm climates! Once it’s warmer, you can take your plants outside and start the hardening process for a couple of weeks before planting seedlings out to the garden. We recommend that you leave them outdoors for the first couple of days for about 1-3 hours on an overcast day or an area out of direct sunlight. After those 1-3 hours, bring the plants back inside under your grow lights . Continue the process for the next few weeks, gradually increasing the number of hours in the sun until they can be outside for 24 hours. You can plant your peppers outside in soil or in containers in an area full of sun, and space them between 18-24 inches apart. Remember to give them the water and warmth they need to thrive! Ghost pepper seeds could take 100-120 days to harvest, and they will turn from green to red when they are ripe. For more details on growing hot pepper seeds and plants, check out our Grow with Joe video series .
Ghost Pepper Characteristics
The pepper plants can grow to two to four feet tall, and when you see flowers, you’re one step closer to seeing the pods! The pods grow to about two to three inches in length, forming into wrinkly, bumpy skins with a slight tapered point. The colors will change beautifully too, ripening from green, orange, to finally their striking red color.
Don’t want to grow the Ghost all by yourself? We also sell Ghost Pepper plants during the spring so you can have a jumpstart at growing the plants.
Other Ghost Seed Varieties:
The Ghost Pepper is truly the original superhot pepper everyone should try growing in their lifetime, but there are different variations of the Ghost such as:
- Giant Ghost – Love the Ghost Pepper, but want an even bigger, meatier Ghost? Grow the Giant Ghost that grows six inches in length and beyond that comes in at a heat level of 800,000 SHUs.
- Yellow Ghost – A yellow variant that has a fruitier taste and better productivity rates than the Red Ghost, and it can give you a heat of 800,000 SHUs.
- Orange Ghost – Comes at a heat of 900,000 – 1,000,000 SHUs with a great citrusy, Naga flavor and is the most prolific out of all the Ghost varieties.
- Bhut Jolokia Purple – A rare purple variant of the Red Ghost that is hard to get your hands on! The heat averages at 800,000-1,000,000 SHUs with an intense sweet flavor.
- Chocolate Ghost – This is a cross between the Red Ghost and Douglah, and has a heat of 800,000 – 1,000,304 SHUs. The Chocolate Ghost’s flavors are unforgettable with their sweeter chocolatey undertones and hints of smokiness.
- Ghor-Pion – A crossbreeding masterpiece that’s crossed between the Red Ghost Pepper and Butch T Trinidad Scorpion. This pepper has plenty of heat, coming in at around 850,000 – 1,000,000 SHUs and retained all of the best characteristics: flavor, heat, and robust growth rates.
- Jay’s Peach Ghost Scorpion – Created by Jay Weaver in Pennsylvania, this is a cross between a Red Ghost and Trinidad Scorpion with a peach-colored exterior. The pepper has a fruity yet floral flavor, and the heat is described as one with an immediate burn that slowly climbs from the back of your throat.
- Ghost Peach – A variant of the Red Ghost, but peach in color! The Peach Ghost has a similar heat level to the Red Ghost, and can grow up to 6 inches in length.
- Bhut Orange Copenhagen – Originated from Copenhagen, Denmark, the pepper is fruitier and not so bitter as the Red Ghost, and has an amazing citrusy smell. It’s less hot than the Red Ghost, coming in at a heat of 600,000 – 900,000 SHUs.
- Chocolate Bhutlah – Don’t let the name fool you, this is nothing close to being a dessert dream! The pepper is rumored to be hotter than the Carolina Reaper with pods having a heat of 2,000,000 SHUs. You’ll taste a floral sweetness paired with subtle earthiness.
Cooking with the Ghost Pepper
Now that you've learned everything about growing the Ghost, it’s time to get you on board with cooking with this pepper!
There are many ways to utilize the Ghost with, such as pizza, salsa, chicken wings, burgers, and chicken sandwiches. In fact, you may have seen restaurants and fast food chains use Ghost peppers and other superhot peppers to make spicy chicken, cocktails, and wings! They’re also popular for making hot sauces, as some of the most popular hot sauces feature the pepper as the main ingredient. We have a delicious Ghost Pepper Hot Sauce for you to add extreme heat to anything your heart desires. Check out some of the recipes below using some of our Ghost products.
Pepper Joe’s Ghost Recipes:
- Not Your Routine Poutine – We took Quebec’s famous French fry dish to a whole new level. Topped with our Ghost Cheese Curds and a sinful gravy filled with flavorful Ghost Flakes and Ghost Infused Sea Salt , this pile of spicy deliciousness is bound to be a hit on either side of the border.
- Stuffed Ghost Pepper Cheeseburgers – You’re using spicy, seasoned ground beef to create irresistibly juicy burger patties, then stuffing them with our famous Ghost Pepper Cheese Curds . Garnished with sautéed onions and jalapenos, Ghost Pepper Ketchup , and Ghost Pepper Hot Sauce , these ghostly burgers will fill your belly and haunt your dreams.
- Double Chocolate & Almond Ghost Cookies – Turning everyone’s favorite cookie into a desirable spicy cookie that’s full of gooey chocolate. Chocolate pairs wonderfully with a little heat and these rich cookies won’t disappoint!
Ghost Sauces, Snacks, and More!
Don’t want to cook? We got you covered with some high-quality Ghost Pepper consumable products . Coming soon, you’ll find Ghost Pepper Flakes, Ghost Pepper Powder, Ghost Pepper Dried Pods, and Ghost Pepper Mash Puree.
WE ARE HERE TO HELP YOU GROW PEPPERS. IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR CONCERNS THAT YOU MAY HAVE, YOU CAN SHOOT US AN EMAIL AT [email protected] OR SEND US A MESSAGE ON FACEBOOK. WE LOVE HEARING YOUR STORIES OF GROWING PEPPERS FROM SCRATCH AND ANSWERING ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT GROWING ANY KIND OF PEPPERS
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Where the Ghost Pepper Stores Its Heat
New research explains how the hottest peppers get their spice.
Most home cooks know that the trick for tempering the heat of a chili pepper is to remove the seeds. The reason why it often works: Conventional wisdom holds that a pepper’s power is concentrated in the placenta—the central core of the fruit that contains the seeds, otherwise known as the pith—and the thick veins that attach the placenta to the pepper wall. Removing the seeds, then, usually results in removing the placenta and veins, thus cooling the fruit’s heat.
Another trick: Sometimes it’s possible to determine the heat of a pepper just by looking. Because capsaicin, the substance that makes chilis hot, is a yellowish liquid in its pure form, yellow veins often indicate more spice.
“If you go to the grocery store, and, say, pick six jalapenos up, and cut them open and look at those veins, the more yellow you see, the hotter the jalapeno,” said Paul Bosland, a professor of horticulture and director of the Chile Pepper Institute at New Mexico State University.
Even when all those pieces are removed, though, some peppers—de-veined, de-seeded, and not yellow—still have a heat that just won’t chill, befuddling casual cooks and researchers alike.
For example, the ghost pepper, which doesn’t have many veins or appear particularly yellow, shouldn’t pack such a punch. But in 2007, Guinness World Records certified the ghost pepper as the world’s hottest chile pepper—some 400 times hotter than Tabasco sauce. (Pepper heat is measured in Scovilles, a unit based on the number of heat-producing alkaloids a pepper contains.)
It wasn’t until recently that researchers really understood the source of the ghost’s heat. One day last fall, Bosland and his colleagues were in the field cutting some ghost peppers when they noticed that the peppers walls were glistening in the sunlight. “Because the skin of the fruit is kind of a red-orange color, it’s sometimes hard to see that yellow vesicle. It just doesn't pop out at you like it does on the white placenta tissue,” said Bosland. The glistening made them think that perhaps the veins weren’t just along the interior placenta, but lining the inside wall of the fruit itself. Bosland took the peppers to Peter Cooke, who runs the electron microscope lab at New Mexico State University, to image it.
It turns out that capsaicin, the compound that gives chili peppers their fire, is well suited to fluorescence microscopy: Under the right conditions (think blacklights), it naturally glows in the dark. By giving the peppers the blacklight treatment, the researchers were able to show that though many varieties store the bulk of their heat in the center pith, some peppers work differently. They published their research in late 2015 in the Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science.
Bosland and Cooke found that super-hot chili peppers—fruits that top one million on the Scoville scale—store as much heat in their fleshy skins as they do in the pith. In a jalapeno, if you remove the seed capsule, you slash the amount of capsaicin by roughly 100 percent—essentially all of the heat is in the placenta. But if you remove the veins and seed capsule from a ghost pepper, you reduce the amount of capsaicin by only 50 percent. In super-hot peppers, roughly half their capsaicin is stored in the skin. Stated plainly, super-hot peppers don't just have more capsaicin than chiller peppers; they store it differently.
“I’ve been saying that super-hot peppers are different for ten years,” said Ed Currie of the South Carolina based Pucker Butt Pepper Company. Currie breeds the Carolina Reaper, which at 1.5 million SHU claimed the title of the world’s hottest pepper in 2013. He’s also currently preparing to unveil a new pepper, currently titled HP56, which tops the Scoville scale at 2.2 million SHU—essentially with a bite as hot as pepper spray but in fruit form.
Currie can recite the health benefits of spice like a true pepper evangelist: The skin of super-hot peppers, he notes, has been studied for its cancer-fighting properties and effects on metabolism.
In fact, several studies in rodents and cells have found that capsaicin may help to fight cancers ranging from prostate cancer to colon cancer to leukemia . A 2015 study published in BMJ found that individuals who ate spicy foods almost every day had a 14-percent decreased likelihood of dying. Capsaicin is already a treatment for psoriasis and muscle aches—synthetic capsaicinoids are the key ingredients in over the counter muscle creams like Bengay.
Meanwhile, outside of medicine, the increase in super-hot peppers or peppers greater than 1 million SHU—in the ‘80s super-hot peppers were thought to max out around 500,000 SHU—has risen in tandem with the nation’s appetite for spicier foods.
“For many decades the United States, France, and Northern Europeans didn’t really eat spicy foods,” said Bosland. “When I first started working here people asked me if chili peppers were a fad. Nobody asks that anymore—it’s more mainstream.”
It’s a sentiment echoed by Gilbert Queeley, a research associate with Florida A&M’s Cooperative Extension. Queeley works with farmers to help them find ways of increasing their profits from crops. Lately, that means scotch-bonnet peppers, which clock in at 100,000-350,000 SHUs, or 10 to 35 times hotter than the jalapeno. The increased demand and the scotch bonnet’s relatively high price—$2.75 to $3 dollars a pound, according to Queeley—means that some farmers can make significantly more money growing scotch bonnets than they can with other, more traditional vegetables.
“Most of the retailers around here and people in the hot-sauce industry were familiar with jalapeno peppers and Tabasco-type peppers, and for a while they stuck with what they knew,” said Queeley. “But once the Jamaican cuisine in particular started permeating throughout the south, and everyone got on the jerk sauce, and jerk seasoning, and jerk chicken bandwagon, the scotch bonnet pepper took off.”
And understanding the attributes that contribute to a pepper’s spice—like how capcaisin gets stored—makes it easier to breed peppers that meet demand, whether that’s medicinal or culinary.
Or both. Spice lovers say that the pain of eating a chili pepper is a draw, not a negative. “With the chili heat, your body produces endorphins that make you feel better,” said Bosland. “You feel good when you eat it.”
How to Grow Ghost Peppers
Cori Sears is a writer with over a decade of experience, specializing in houseplants, gardening, and home decor. She writes about trending news, interior design, houseplants, and gardening for The Spruce. Her expertise in these areas has led her to contribute to other major publications including Better Homes and Gardens and Apartment Therapy.
Mary Marlowe Leverette is one of the industry's most highly-regarded housekeeping and fabric care experts, sharing her knowledge on efficient housekeeping, laundry, and textile conservation. She is also a Master Gardener with over 40+ years of experience and 20+ years of writing experience. Mary is also a member of The Spruce Gardening and Plant Care Review Board.
The Spruce / Gyscha Rendy
Ghost Peppers vs. Habaneros
- Growing in Pots
- Growing From Seeds
- Pests and Diseases
- Frequently Asked Questions
Add more than a bit of spice to the pepper plants in your garden with ghost pepper plants ( Bhut jolokia ). Native to India, ghost peppers are a hybrid of the species Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens. They are over 200 times hotter than jalapeños .
The plants have green stems and foliage. The peppers typically come in red, though they also can be orange, yellow, or chocolate. And they stretch roughly 2 to 4 inches long. A healthy ghost pepper plant can produce up to 100 peppers. Ghost pepper plants are perennial in zones 8 to 11 but can be grown as annuals in cooler climates. They are very slow-growing peppers, requiring around 120 days or more to mature, and they should be planted in the spring.
How to Plant Ghost Peppers
When to plant.
Because ghost peppers require such a long growing season, it's best to start seeds indoors around eight to 12 weeks before your area’s last spring frost date. They can be planted outside once the nighttime temperatures are reliably above 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
Selecting a Planting Site
The planting site should get lots of sun and have well-draining soil. Container growth is also an option. High and consistent temperatures and humidity also are essential for healthy growth. Ghost peppers don't like fluctuations in their environment, which is why many gardeners opt to grow them in controlled greenhouse spaces.
Spacing, Depth, and Support
Plant seeds around 1/4 inch deep, and situate nursery plants at the same depth they were in their previous container. Space the plants 2 to 3 feet apart. You might need to stake your plants to prevent the stems from breaking when they're heavy with peppers, especially if your plants are exposed to strong winds.
Ghost Pepper Plant Care
During their four- to five-month growing period, the plants require consistently hot, bright, direct sunlight. When growing them indoors, supplementing natural light with grow lights is required. They should receive at least six hours of full sun on most days.
Loamy , well-drained soil with a slightly acidic soil pH is best for ghost pepper plants. Add some organic matter, such as compost, into the soil at the beginning of the growing season, especially if the soil is sandy.
A good rule of thumb is to wait for the top two inches of soil to dry before watering ghost pepper plants. Aim to maintain a regular watering schedule, as inconsistent watering can shock the plants.
Temperature and Humidity
Ghost pepper plants are extremely particular about their temperature and humidity conditions to produce a crop of fruit . They must have a growing season of longer than three months in temperatures above 70 degrees Fahrenheit with high humidity. Four to five months of extreme heat and humidity is ideal. Rapid temperature changes and cold periods can cause ghost pepper plants to drop their flowers or fail to thrive.
Fertilize ghost pepper plants immediately after planting, and then twice more throughout the growing season, using a balanced fertilizer . Although it might be tempting, do not fertilize ghost pepper plants more often than that, as they are very sensitive to overfeeding.
Ghost pepper plants are self-pollinators with the help of animals and the wind.
Ghost peppers and habaneros are closely related. However, ghost peppers are slightly larger than habaneros and are significantly hotter. Plus, habaneros have a slightly fruity taste while heat dominates the flavor of ghost peppers .
Harvesting Ghost Peppers
As ghost peppers ripen, they typically will turn from green to red. Bright red color and slight wrinkling of the skin are signs that they have reached full maturity. Reaching maturity will take between 120 and 150 days on average. They can be harvested at any stage of development if desired, but they are spiciest when fully mature. This is because the compound responsible for the spice in ghost peppers, capsaicin, increases in concentration until the peppers reach full maturity.
Always wear protective apparel when harvesting ghost peppers, and be careful to avoid touching your eyes or skin after handling the hot chilis. They can cause burning or stinging via skin contact. Cut peppers off the plant with a knife or pruners, leaving around an inch of stem. They can be stored in the refrigerator for about a week in plastic. They also can be dried.
How to Grow Ghost Peppers in Pots
Growing ghost peppers in pots is a good option in case you need to move the plants indoors to protect them from an unexpected cold snap. Select a pot that’s at least a foot wide and deep per plant to give the roots plenty of room. And make sure the pot has ample drainage holes. Unglazed clay is a good container material to allow excess soil moisture to evaporate through its walls. If the pot has a saucer, promptly empty it if it collects water. You'll likely have to water a container plant more often than plants grown in the ground. But make sure the soil is never waterlogged.
Pinching back the stem tips as ghost pepper plants grow is recommended to encourage bushier growth, but it is not essential.
Propagating Ghost Peppers
Ghost pepper plants can be propagated via stem cuttings , though this is not always successful. Still, it is an inexpensive way to essentially clone a plant that is particularly vigorous or otherwise preferable. The best time to take a cutting is in the late spring to early summer when the plant is actively growing and before it is producing fruit. Here's how:
- Cut a 4- to 6-inch piece of healthy stem.
- Remove the foliage on the lower half of the stem, as well as any flower buds.
- Dip the cut end in rooting hormone, and then plant it in moist soilless potting mix.
- Keep the cutting in a bright, warm spot, and maintain a moist but not soggy growing medium. Roots should start to form in about three weeks.
How to Grow Ghost Peppers From Seed
Ghost pepper seeds can take three weeks or longer to germinate. Before planting, soak seeds in hydrogen peroxide for a minute to increase germination success. Then, plant them in a moist seed-starting mix that is between 80 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. It's critical to keep the temperature and moisture level consistent. Use full-sun fluorescent grow lights to maintain temperatures when starting seeds indoors.
Potting and Repotting Ghost Peppers
When potting ghost pepper plants, ensuring that the growing medium drains well is of utmost importance. Use a quality organic potting mix. Aim to use a pot that will accommodate the plant's full size right from the start, so you don't have to disturb it by repotting.
Unless you have a climate-controlled greenhouse, it is very difficult to maintain the right amount of heat, humidity, and light for ghost pepper plants over the winter. This is why many gardeners treat the plant as an annual outside of its growing zones.
Common Pests and Plant Diseases
Ghost pepper plants are susceptible to several common pests and diseases when grown both outdoors and indoors. Some of the pests most likely to afflict a ghost pepper plant include aphids , spider mites , slugs, snails, and thrips . Common bacterial and fungal diseases include anthracnose , bacterial leaf spot, powdery mildew , and pepper mosaic. The best way to keep a ghost pepper plant healthy is to conduct regular inspections and catch issues early. Treat problems with organic methods to maintain the edibility of the peppers.
Ghost pepper plants can be tricky to grow. They need consistent levels of high heat and humidity.
Ghost peppers take around four months from planting to maturity on average.
Ghost peppers are perennial in hot, humid climates. But in other areas, they are often treated as an annual.
Ghost pepper production . University of Florida
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5 Jajanan Rasa Ghost Pepper yang Pedasnya Bikin Melek
- 06 Feb 23 | 10:45
Ghost pepper merupakan salah satu cabai populer yang tumbuh di beberapa wilayah di Asia. Cabai ini terkenal karena tingkat kepedasannya yang mencapai 1.000.000 SHU, masih lebih tinggi daripada habanero yang berada di kisaran 350.000 SHU.
Penggunaan ghost pepper belakangan sangat populer ditambahkan ke dalam aneka jajanan dan segera menjadi tren di beberapa negara. Di samping itu, terdapat lima produk serba ghost pepper yang dapat dijumpai di Indonesia yakni sebagai berikut.
1. Smax Snack Cheese Ring Ghost Pepper
Smax Snack Cheese Ring Ghost Pepper merupakan snack rasa keju yang memiliki sensasi pedas khas Ghost Pepper. Produk ini merupakan kolaborasi bersama Daebak Ghost Pepper, brand penghasil mi pedas yang populer beberapa waktu belakangan ini.
Sajian ini cocok dinikmati sebagai makanan ringan teman mengobrol atau menonton film, apalagi kalau kamu senang hidangan pedas dengan sensasi gurih keju. Sementara itu, produk dari Smax Snack Cheese Ring Ghost Pepper ini dapat dibeli mulai dari Rp6 ribuan.
2. Kusuka Keripik Singkong Ghost Pepper
Kusuka Keripik Singkong Ghost Pepper cocok dijadikan makanan ringan andalan ketika kamu bersantai. Hidangan tersebut dibuat dari singkong dengan balutan bumbu super pedas dari Ghost Pepper yang sukses bikin melek.
Makanan siap saji milik Kusuka Keripik Singkong Ghost Pepper ini dibuat menggunakan bahan-bahan pilihan untuk menghasilkan penganan berkualitas. Sementara itu, keripik dapat dibeli mulai Rp6.000 saja.
Baca Juga: Resep Beef Pepper Rice ala Pepper Lunch, Lebih Enak dan Hemat
3. Mister Potato Snack Crisps Ghost Pepper
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Mister Potato Snack Crisps Ghost Pepper merupakan keripik unik hasil kolaborasi bersama brand pembuat mi Ghost Pepper. Makanan ini memiliki ciri khas yang berbeda karena keripiknya memiliki warna hitam dengan sensasi pedas.
Bumbu yang ada pada Mister Potato Snack Crisps Ghost Pepper ini dibuat sama dengan produk mi-nya. Bagi kamu yang tertarik mencicipi sajian pedas tersebut, harga yang harus dibayar adalah sekitar Rp12 ribuan untuk berat keripik 65 gram.
4. Ghost Pepper Noodle Creamy Curry Lontong
Buat kamu yang senang akan olahan mi instan berkuah, maka Ghost Pepper Noodle Creamy Curry Lontong ini dapat dicoba. Tentunya kombinasi rasa yang dihasilkan makin spesial karena adanya sensasi bumbu pedas yang bikin terpikat.
Ketika membuat olahan ini, kamu bisa mengatur tingkat kepedasan karena bumbu dikemas terpisah. Sementara itu, produk makanan populer dari Ghost Pepper Noodle Creamy Curry Lontong ini dapat dibeli sekitar Rp17.000 untuk kemasan 119 gram.
5. Mamee Ghost Pepper Noodle Cup
Mamee Ghost Pepper Noodle Cup adalah salah satu makanan instan kering yang sangat digemari oleh beberapa konsumen. Makanan ini terkenal karena rasa pedas yang menyelimuti sehingga orang-orang tertarik mencoba mi tersebut untuk disajikan sebagai hidangan utama.
Produk dari Mamee Ghost Pepper Noodle Cup ini dilengkapi dengan bumbu khas yang sangat pedas dan mi berwarna hitam. Cara penyajiannya bisa dilakukan dengan cara diseduh dan dibiarkan sampai mi berubah kenyal. Sementara itu, harga produk dapat dibeli sekitar Rp25 ribuan untuk cup 80 gram.
Ghost pepper mampu memberikan sensasi pedas dalam jajanan di atas. Tetapi, sebagai konsumen kamu harus bijak memilih sajian dan konsumsi secukupnya agar tubuh tetap mendapat nutrisi dari makanan lainnya.
Baca Juga: [QUIZ] Kami Tahu Makanan Pedas Favoritmu Berdasarkan Golongan Darahmu
Sempat ingin jadi astronaut, tapi sekarang jadi pegawai di bumi~ let's connect with me at [email protected]
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Ghost Peppers – Everything About The Bhut Jolokia
Posted on Last updated: 10/26/2022
The ghost pepper is one of the most notoriously spicy peppers on the planet. It is a result of ancient plant breeding, and is a cross between capsicum chinense and capsicum fructescens.
Scoville Heat Units: 1,000,000 SHUs Diameter: 0.75–1.25 inches Length: 2–3 inches Color: Green to orange to red Buy Seeds : Seeds Now Buy Live Plants: Etsy Buy ghost peppers >
In This Article:
- What is a ghost pepper
- Ghost pepper plants
- Ghost pepper scoville scale
- Ghost pepper varieties
- Growing ghost peppers
- When to pick ghost peppers
- Where to buy fresh ghost peppers
- Ghost pepper uses
- Ghost pepper burn cure
What Is A Ghost Pepper
The ghost pepper, or bhut jolokia, is a pepper variety discovered in India. It is thought to be a capsicum chinense variety that was at some point likely crossed with a capsicum frutescens variety. It is now well known for its intense heat and unique, wrinkly shape.
Where Is The Ghost Pepper From?
All capsicum chinense varieties originated in South America and across the West Indies. One of the oldest peppers was found over 6,000 years ago, fully preserved in a cave in Peru.
The ghost pepper is thought to have origins in Trinidad where many of the world’s hottest peppers are found. Eventually, it made its way to Assam and Nagaland , India by way of travel or by local plant breeding.
In India, the ghost pepper was cultivated by local hands and still grows naturally in Northeastern India. Though the exact origins are unknown, this is the most likely course of events for the ghost pepper.
Fun fact : Naga means ‘Serpent’ in Sanskrit. Many ghost pepper varieties are named after Nagaland, India, where the peppers grow naturally.
We are happy that the pepper was discovered and seeds are now widely available across the globe for home growers!
Ghost Pepper Plants
Like most pepper varieties, ghost pepper plants are fairly easy to grow and the pods are highly resistant to pests. We recommend buying seeds online and growing them yourself. However, there are ways to buy live plants as well.
Ghost Pepper Plant Features
All ghost pepper plant varieties have large, broad leaves and a full canopy. Flowers are small to medium in size, and are white. Ghost pepper plants are also highly productive under ideal growing conditions.
Pruning is optional for ghost pepper plants, though we recommend at least bottom pruning to protect against soil borne pathogens. All ghost varieties are slow to mature, so we recommend starting seeds very early indoors.
Ghost pepper plants plants typically take 100+ days after transplanting to produce ripened pepper pods!
Given enough soil, light, and fertilizer, ghost peppers will grow to about 2-3 feet tall in a single season, but can often be very wide, around 5 feet or more. Certain ghost pepper varieties, such as the Dorset naga , can grow to be much taller and wider when given a long growing season and lots of soil.
Where To Buy Ghost Pepper Plants
If you want to grow ghost peppers at home, you can either start from seed, or you can simply buy live plants online . Ghost pepper plants are not a huge demand, so you likely won’t find them at Home Depot or Lowe’s.
Get Live Ghost Pepper Plants Here.
Try calling your local nurseries to see if they sell ghost pepper plant starts. Many gardening centers cater to the local demand, so if you call asking, they might grow them next year!
Ghost Pepper Scoville Scale
A common question regarding the ghost chili is how spicy it is. Where does the ghost pepper stack up on the Scoville Scale ?
When compared to a common hot pepper, say a jalapeno, it isn’t even close .
1 ghost pepper is equivalent in spiciness to about 125 jalapeno peppers.
Put simply, the ghost pepper comes in at approximately 1,000,000 SHUs on the Scoville Scale . This was enough to hold the Guinness World Record for the world’s hottest chili pepper for about 4 years from 2007 to 2011.
Since it has been dethroned, the ghost pepper seems tame compared to the newcomers . However, don’t be fooled. The ghost pepper is still an extremely spicy pepper variety, and will give almost anyone a run for their money!
Different Ghost Pepper Colors
One of the great things about modern plant breeding is the resulting variety. There are ghost peppers of all different colors and sizes. Bhut Jolokia peppers are always super spicy. However, darker colored pods are usually hotter, while lighter colors are less spicy.
Peach Ghost Pepper
Behind the peachy exterior of this bhut jolokia variety is a serious punch. Similarly spicy to the original pepper, the peach ghost pepper is no joke.
We love growing this variety as the ripe pods add a beautiful color to our pepper garden.
Buy seeds here.
Yellow Naga Ghost Pepper
Another brightly colored ghost pepper variety, the yellow naga pepper is a beaut. We had great luck with these plants, with peppers ripening as early as mid-July!
Add a splash of yellow to your garden with these ghost peppers. You’ll have no trouble knowing when to pick these.
Chocolate Ghost Pepper
This ghost pepper has a much more sinister look, and a truly scorching heat level. The chocolate, or brown bhut jolokia pepper is a monster!
Note: This is the spiciest ghost pepper color variety we have tried to date!
Once again, we had relatively early ripening from these plants. A great, bizarre look in the garden, and perfect for making extra-spicy foods.
Find seeds here.
Growing Ghost Peppers
Growing ghost peppers is similar to growing other varieties. We have written full grow guides for other varieties for anyone looking to grow peppers. Surprisingly, ghost peppers are one of the easiest hot peppers to grow .
Follow our detailed guide to growing ghost peppers here!
However, there are a few things to know specifically about growing ghost peppers.
Some things to keep in mind about ghost peppers:
- We highly recommend bottom heating with a seed mat .
- Growing season is longer . Some early pepper varieties can take as little as 75 days to have mature pods. Ghost peppers will need at least 100 days from the day of transplanting to produce ripe peppers.
- Beware of handling the pods . While the outer skin of a ghost pepper does not contain capsaicin, a small crack can let out a ton of it. We recommend using latex gloves whenever you plan to handle the fresh peppers ( especially when slicing them).
When To Pick Ghost Peppers
Knowing when to pick your ghost peppers is usually very easy. As is the case with all pepper varieties, they will change color when fully ripened. Unlike jalapenos or banana peppers, ghost peppers are almost always picked when fully ripe.
Put simply, pick ghost peppers when they change in color from green to bright red (or whatever color variety you are growing). The change in color is obvious and will usually take just a few days once the peppers begin to turn.
Signs of ripe ghost peppers:
- Change in color
- Mature size
How to pick ghost peppers
Our method for harvesting peppers is a simple one. Remove the peppers with your hands, careful not to damage the plant. We find that an upwards motion works well to get a clean ‘pop’ as the pepper is removed.
Another option for harvesting ghost peppers is to use sharp scissors or pruning shears. Simply cut the pepper’s stem about halfway up, being careful not to nick the plant’s branches or leaves.
Where To Buy Ghost Peppers
Not looking to grow ghost peppers yourself, but still want some? You’ve still got options. Here are some places where you can buy ghost peppers (both online and in person).
Thanks to the huge boom in popularity of spicy food, the ghost pepper is famous. That means you may start seeing fresh bhut jolokia peppers for sale in stores.
We have personally seen them for sale (when in season) at Whole Foods Market. You can also buy fresh ghost peppers online from individual growers.
Ghost Pepper Uses
Ready to start using some ghost peppers from the garden? These versatile spicy peppers can be used in a number of ways. You can preserve them for later use, use them fresh, dehydrate them for spicy pepper powder, and even save the seeds to grow again next year.
Warning: Always take precautions when slicing or cooking with ghost peppers. Wear gloves, eye protection, and respiratory protection. You’ll thank us later!
Make Ghost Pepper Hot Sauce
We sure do love making homemade hot sauce . You get a ton of sauce for your hard work, and it is a wonderful preservation method.
Using a simple preparation of peppers, vinegar, salt and any other fruits and spices, you can blend up your very own sauce. Just be sure to use at least 2% salt, and around 50% vinegar.
Oh, and go easy on the ghost peppers (try using some jalapenos to decrease the heat level).
Tip: We love using fresh fruits, especially pineapple or blueberries, in our sauces. Get creative!
Make Ghost Pepper Salsa
Making a super-spicy ghost pepper salsa is a great way to use a few ghost peppers. Similar to hot sauce, this vinegar, tomato and onion based dip is a classic. Usually made with jalapenos, salsa is begging to be made spicier.
Put Them In Some Chili
You’ll want to be careful not to overdo this, but you can try making some ghost pepper chili. Throw a half of a pepper, finely chopped, into your next batch of chili to kick things up.
Dehydrate Ghost Peppers
We love dehydrating foods, especially peppers. This is a great option if you want to save your peppers for later, or create a spicy pepper powder .
Slice your bhut jolokia peppers in half lengthwise before dehydrating. These peppers are thin, so they should dehydrate in around 8-10 hours at 125°F (in a proper food dehydrator ).
Read our guide to dehydrating peppers here.
Saving Ghost Pepper Seeds
Saving pepper seeds is always worth the extra effort. Seeds will stay viable for years if stored properly, meaning you can re-grow your favorites in the future.
We wrote a detailed guide on saving pepper seeds here .
How to save ghost pepper seeds:
- Use fully ripe ghost peppers
- Slice off the very end ( not the stem end)
- Roll the pepper between your fingers, seeds should drop out of the opening
- Slice pepper lengthwise
- Remove remaining seeds with a spoon
- Dry seeds on a plate for several days
- Store in an airtight container
Ghost Pepper Relief and Cure
If you are new to spicy food, and happen to try a ghost pepper, you’ll likely need some relief from the pain.
The quickest relief: Milk.
If you have any dairy milk in the fridge, go for that first. It offers the quickest and best relief from any type of chili pepper burn.
If you got some of the ghost pepper oils on your hands, milk is still the best help. However, we also recommend washing your hands thoroughly (even under the nails) with dish soap . The detergent in the soap helps emulsify and remove the pepper juices.
Read More: Cures for hot pepper hands/eyes
Can A Ghost Pepper Kill You?
While eating capsaicin is not toxic, it can cause rare adverse reactions in some people.
There have been cases of people vomiting aggressively after eating ghost peppers, leading to potential throat rupture. Though the pepper itself is not fatal when eaten, the reaction in some people may be.
Know what you are eating, first!
If you have never tried a highly spicy pepper, we don’t recommend eating ghost peppers. Work your way up from less spicy varieties like jalapenos and serranos.
I hope this article helped you learn a few new things about ghost peppers. They are an awesome pepper to respect and use in moderation. Happy growing!
One of the original Pepper Geeks! When Calvin isn’t gardening or learning more about peppers and botany, he might be traveling new places or playing some music.
W Edmund Chambers II
Tuesday 17th of October 2023
The capsaicin in a ghost pepper is not water soluble, it is alcohol soluble which means waking your hands with soap and water usually does not work well. Using alcohol is best at removing the burn. Grain alcohol or vodka work very well. Do not ingest alcohol to tame the burn as when you swallow, you may pull the capsaicin further down your throat causing more pain.
Sunday 26th of February 2023
The bhut jolokia sound wildly hot. Would like to try it plus the different colors and otherbextra hot peppers. Am not up-to-date on using my tablet to order anything and was wondering if you could supply a company with phone no. address, I would aporeciate it. Thanks.
Thursday 28th of July 2022
Hey Calvin! Thanks for all your pepper wisdoms! I'm a fan! This is my first year growing super-hot peppers, and I'm learning so much from you! I'm growing Carolina Reaper, Ghost, Trinidad Scorpion, Scotch Bonnet, and Habanero. I finally have some Scotch Bonnets and a Ghost pepper ripen. It's very exciting, but I'm holding back on picking them, wondering if it'll get hotter the longer I leave it on the plant to ripen further. Does the SHU increase with number of days the ripe pepper stays on the plant before harvesting?
Tuesday 2nd of August 2022
Hey there, thank you! Glad you enjoy our content here :). Sounds like you like it super spicy! Most of those types should stay pretty crisp on the plant without drying out, so that is a plus. However, they should hit peak-heat level right around the time they finish ripening up. Don't worry though, they'll still be plenty hot if you let them sit for a few weeks. Cheers!
Monday 2nd of May 2022
Hey guys, love your work, I have consulted you often while putting my new sauce company together. My first small batch is being made on Wednesday. Where can I find ghost, scorpion or 7 pots in the North Ga area? Are they even available to buy on line? I'm looking for peppers, not seeds or plants, I have found them all over.
I have created a fantastic Caribbean style sauce using Habaneros but would like to use a more "Caribbean" pepper.
I would reach out to other sauce companies that use those ingredients. We've talked with the good people at Karma Sauce co and they definitely source scorpions/other superhots, just not sure exactly where. Best of luck and would love to try your sauce once it is for sale!
What Is a Ghost Pepper and How Hot Are They?
Perhaps you've watched talk shows where the host challenged a guest to eat a ghost pepper as part of an attention-grabbing segment. If you don't know anything about these super hot peppers, you might think it's an ordinary occurrence.
Ghost peppers are some of the world’s hottest peppers — way hotter than jalapeño peppers or even habanero peppers — which means it's fairly impressive when someone can withstand the spice to eat one. In fact, in 2007, Guinness World Records labeled the ghost pepper the world’s hottest chili pepper.
Let's explore more about this pepper and everything you need to know before trying one. Then, we'll show you more ways to incorporate spice into your favorite meals for elevated home cooking.
Where Do Ghost Peppers Come From?
Ghost peppers are a hybrid pepper made from Capsicum Chinense and Capsicum Frutescens, and they're part of a family of peppers known as the Capsicum Chinense variety. This spicy pepper shares this classification with habanero, scotch bonnet, and red savina.
This kind of pepper is grown all over the world. However, they originate from northeast India, where they are a featured ingredient in curries.
Ghost pepper plants are technically called bhut jolokia peppers (translated as “Bhutan pepper” in Assamese_)._ It has also earned the nickname bih zôlôkia in Assam_, which means “_poison chili”. In Nagaland, this pepper is called naga jolokia , which means “Naga chili.”
Are Ghost Peppers Healthy?
You may wonder if there are any nutritional benefits to eating ghost peppers. If you can stand the heat, this pepper has several nutritional benefits.
First, ghost peppers are low in calories and fat, making them an attractive addition to spicy dishes. Additionally, ghost peppers also include vitamin C and antioxidants, which can help fight free radicals throughout your body.
How Hot Are Ghost Peppers?
You may have heard of this infamous pepper and are curious about trying it yourself. If you're someone who can handle the spice, trying this pepper could be an exciting bucket list activity for you.
Before you try this pepper, it's worth understanding how hot it can taste. Let's talk about the Scoville Heat Scale to understand how hot ghost peppers are.
The Scoville Heat Scale is a system that ranks peppers, hot sauce, and other spicy foods according to Scoville Heat Units, or SHUs. The scale is named after Wilbur Scoville, who created the scale in 1972 to compare the heat of chili peppers based on capsaicinoids.
On this scale, bell peppers maintain a ranking of 0 SHUs, having no spice whatsoever.
In 2007, the ghost pepper was crowned the spiciest pepper on the Scoville Scale at 800,000-1,001,300 SHUs. However, since then, cross-breeding peppers have caused the ghost pepper to lose its top-ranked position. Despite this, it remains an impressive spice level, nearly three times as hot as habaneros.
Today, the Carolina Reaper pepper has earned a spot at the very top of the scale with 2,200,000 Scoville Heat Units.
What Are the Pros Eating a Ghost Pepper?
Want to try a ghost pepper for yourself? Before you make the decision to try this pepper, you may want to weigh the pros and cons. Then, you can know for certain whether ghost peppers are for you or if you should stick with other spicy dishes to satisfy your cravings.
Ghost Peppers Are Safe for Some People
Beginning with the pros, it's worth noting that some people can eat bits of this pepper with little discomfort. The rule of thumb is that you may be able to eat them every day as long as the amount you consume is under 1/50th of your body weight.
Though you may be able to eat parts of a ghost pepper every day, you probably want to avoid eating an entire ghost pepper regularly since the sensation can be intense and even painful.
Ghost Peppers Can Give You Bragging Rights
Another potentially positive factor of trying ghost peppers is the bragging rights that can accompany the experience.
Since these peppers have a reputation as one of the world's hottest-known foods, taking a bite of one is impressive. If you think you can take the heat, eating part of a ghost pepper could be a conversation starter that leaves people stunned.
What Are the Cons of Eating Ghost Peppers?
Let's discuss the possible cons of eating a ghost pepper.
Ghost Peppers Can Cause Physical Discomfort
As we have mentioned, this pepper has earned its ranking toward the top of the Scoville heat scale, making it a food not many can try comfortably.
After trying this pepper, some people report feeling that their whole body feels as if it is on fire. Here’s a disclaimer: if you plan on trying this food, it's best to wear gloves and goggles since even the oils on the outside of the pepper can cause a burning sensation.
Ghost Peppers Can Cause Adverse Reactions
When deciding whether you want to try this pepper, it's a good idea to keep the possible side effects in mind. For one, eating this pepper in large quantities can lead to hospitalization, so it's not a pepper to play around with.
If you still think eating this pepper is something you want to try, be aware that capsaicin is the primary factor that makes peppers hot. This substance activates the pain sensors in your nerves, and too much of it has caused some to experience seizures, heart attacks, or hallucinations. The essential guiding principle for this pepper is that everything is best in moderation.
Recipes To Make With Ghost Peppers
Are you still feeling adventurous? If you want to give ghost peppers a try in small quantities, you can do so with a few easy recipe ideas. Let's take a look at dish ideas you can try if you have a predisposition for spice.
- Ghost Pepper Hot Sauce: Do you want to take your burritos to new spice levels? You can combine ghost peppers, tomatoes, vinegar, and olive oil to create an extra extra-hot hot sauce.
- Pineapple Ghost Chili Sauce: This hot sauce adds some sweetness from pineapple to counteract the blast of heat from the ghost peppers.
- Ghost Pepper Jelly: Did you know you can make jelly from ghost peppers, sugar, pectin, and cider vinegar? Spread it on toast if you dare.
Ghost Pepper Tip: If you plan on preparing ghost pepper hot sauce, chili, jelly, or spread, try adding very little amounts of the pepper initially. You can always add more if you want an extra fiery sensation, and adding little bits at a time can ensure you achieve a brilliant fire-to-flavor ratio.
More Spicy Meal Ideas
Perhaps you're a lover of all things spicy, but you need more time to be ready to traverse into the territory of the ghost pepper. If you want to indulge in more flavorful, decadent hot sauces and spicy home-cooked meals, we've got a few easy ideas to make your dreams a reality.
Try Adding Hot Sauce to Your Snack Platters
What makes the perfect snack tray for guests visiting your home? Having several flavors on deck can make for a well-rounded tasting experience.
If you've already planned sweet and savory dishes, consider adding some spice to the mix for a tantalizing, mouth-watering touch. TRUFF Luxury Hot Sauces make the perfect match for burritos, wings, and even snacks like popcorn.
Cook Spicy Italian Dishes
The savory, bold flavors of traditional pasta dishes make Italian cuisine popular in many households. Still, even the most well-loved dishes could use a tune-up now and then. If you want to add a personal touch to some of your favorite Italian recipes, consider using TRUFF Black Truffle Arrabbiata Sauce.
TRUFF Black Truffle Arrabbiata Sauce is a high-quality pasta sauce that has a vibrant tomato flavor combined with elegant truffles and bold red chili peppers. Try substituting your usual pasta sauce for this alternative for an elevated Italian dish that brings the heat.
Add Heat to Your Sandwich Game
What separates an incredible sandwich from a boring one? Often, the quality of the ingredients hold a significant influence, but the condiments steer the ship when it comes to flavor.
Our TRUFF Spicy Mayonnaise includes all the high-quality ingredients of our usual truffle mayonnaise with added spice. Include this spicy spread on your favorite sandwiches, and you'll be addicted to each bite.
Elevate Your Home Cooking With TRUFF
Trying ghost peppers is one way to branch out and experience fiery flavors, but it's not for everybody.
When you want to enjoy your dish with mild or moderate spice that doesn't overpower other flavors, adding TRUFF sauces into the mix is the way to go. Spicy TRUFF sauces can enhance your favorite meals with the best-quality ingredients and indulgent truffles in every bite.
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